This is a summary of the accomplishments of Antiochus IV. By this time, he had gained control of everything from the Mediterranean to India. And he will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South with a large army; so the king of the South will mobilize an extremely large and mighty army for war; but he will not stand, for schemes will be devised against him. Ptolemy VII eventually worked out an agreement with his brother, Physcon , in which they would split the kingdom of Egypt into two parts and reign jointly.
And those who eat his choice food will destroy him, and his army will overflow, but many will fall down slain. As for both kings, their hearts will be intent on evil, and they will speak lies to each other at the same table; but it will not succeed, for the end is still to come at the appointed time. Negotiations continued and Ptolemy VII and his brother, Physcon , seemed to come to an agreement, though the intrigues between them would continue for some time.
Then he will return to his land with much plunder; but his heart will be set against the holy covenant, and he will take action and then return to his own land.
Daniel 11 – Who were the Kings of the North and South?
Antiochus IV returned from Egypt with great plunder. Several years earlier, he had accepted a bribe from a Jewish priest named Jason to remove the current high priest and put Jason in his place.
Jason was eventually removed when another priest, Menelaus, offered a still higher bribe. When Jewish representatives came before the king with their complaint, Antiochus IV put them to death. At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before. For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened, and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.
Antiochus IV agreed. Coming to Jerusalem , he found the Jews in revolt where Jason, acting on the rumor that Antiochus IV had been killed in Egypt , had raised a force to remove Menelaus from the priesthood.
A Faith-Building Study From Daniel 11 : Christian Courier
And forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation Daniel Antiochus IV desecrated the temple, stopped the regular temple sacrifices, and set up a statue of Zeus in the temple whose features were made to resemble Antiochus IV. And by smooth words he will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant Daniel a.
There were those Jews who refused to turn from their observance of the Law. This turned into open revolt when the Maccabees took up arms against the Seleucids. And those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder, for many days Daniel Since they were fighting in order to retain their Torah observances, the Maccabees initially took a stance of not fighting on the Sabbath day. The Seleucids took advantage of this by attacking on the Sabbath and slaughtering many. After this, the priest Mattathias father of the Maccabees explained to the people that it would be permissible to defend themselves on the Sabbath.
Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy Daniel The Maccabees were joined by a company of Hasideans , mighty warriors of Israel , all who offered themselves willingly for the law 1 Maccabees As a result, many who had previously gone along with the changes imposed by Antiochus IV now joined the revolt. And some of those who have insight will fall, in order to refine, purge, and make them pure, until the end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time Daniel The priest Mattathias died shortly thereafter.
Eventually, the Maccabees managed to retake the temple and to purify it and restore the worship. This is celebrated today by Hanukkah. The attention of the prophecy now returns to Antiochus IV and summarizes his career without regard to a chronological sequence. Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god, and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods; and he will prosper until the indignation is finished, for that which is decreed will be done.
So Antiochus carried off eighteen hundred talents from the temple, and hurried away to Antioch, thinking in his arrogance that he could sail on the land and walk on the sea, because his mind was elated 2 Maccabees And he will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any other god; for he will magnify himself above them all Daniel Speaking of Antiochus IV, we read the following report in 2 Maccabees He had entered the city called Persepolis and attempted to rob the temples and control the city.
Therefore the people rushed to the rescue with arms, and Antiochus and his army were defeated, with the result that Antiochus was put to flight by the inhabitants and beat a shameful retreat.
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It is noteworthy that the coins of his era have the image of Zeus rather than the more customary Apollos. But instead he will honor a god of fortresses, a god whom his fathers did not know; he will honor him with gold, silver, costly stones, and treasures Daniel And he will take action against the strongest of fortresses with the help of a foreign god; he will give great honor to those who acknowledge him, and he will cause them to rule over the many, and will parcel out land for a price Daniel Antiochus IV sold the priesthood to the highest bidder, first to Jason, and later to Menelaus.
And at the end time the king of the South will collide with him, and the king of the North will storm against him with chariots, with horsemen, and with many ships; and he will enter countries, overflow them, and pass through. It is more likely that we are to understand this as a summarization of the career of Antiochus IV and his invasions of Egypt and Israel.
He will also enter the Beautiful Land , and many countries will fall; but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom , Moab and the foremost of the sons of Ammon Daniel Then he will stretch out his hand against other countries, and the land of Egypt will not escape Daniel A summary of the conquests of Antiochus IV in Egypt. But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; and Libyans and Ethiopians will follow at his heels Daniel Prior to his departure from Egypt , Antiochus IV had thoroughly looted the country.
A Faith-Building Study From Daniel 11
But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many Daniel And he will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful Holy Mountain; yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him Daniel Though he had successfully conquered Jerusalem and the Holy Mountain , Antiochus IV eventually met his defeat and death.
About the Author. There are two huge problems for the second option. First of all, there is the extremely strong evidence that Daniel existed before BC its existence among the Dead Sea Scrolls, its inclusion in the Septuagint Translation, the antiquity of its Hebrew and Aramaic and more.
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- The Virgin Stones;
- Personal Preparation.
- Siam Smile/s: Secret of the Thais?
- The Collective Unconscious.
The other absolutely devastating problem with this after BC hypothesis is that much of what is prophesied in Daniel happened after BC. This includes the prophecies concerning Rome in Daniel 2 and Daniel 7, the prophecies about Jesus in Daniel , and also the material you asked about.
So, what are the skeptics left with? They must simply deny the obvious fact that Daniel agrees with the historical facts surrounding the defeat of Marc Antony and Cleopatra. Otherwise they will have to give up their presupposition that the Bible is the work of man.
Oakes Podcast. Question: I am happy to find your resourceful website and I hope you can help solve my puzzle. Does Daniel make a historical error in Daniel with regard to Antiochus Epiphanes as critics claim? Was Daniel written in the 2nd century BC by a person pretending to be Daniel like a Christian friend of mine claimed?
Can you justify biblically identifying the King of the North in Daniel as Rome? John Oakes. A Survey of World Religions by Dr.
Related Daniel 11: A History of the World
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