This reveals another inefficiency of current trade regulation: after the initial legal purchase of arms, there is a number of ways for them to end up in black markets since there does not exist an efficient way of tracking weapons movements Stohl and Grillot, For example, as the majority of the weapons are owned by individuals, not by governments or armed forces, due to their irresponsibility in acts of trade or selling, weapons often reach the hands of criminal organisations and eventually find their way to black markets.
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This is well illustrated by the fact that 2. Grey markets, too, illustrate the lack of efficiency in arms trade regulation, especially that of national policy. Such markets, both black and grey, are more likely to operate in states where arms trade regulation is not elaborate and clear, such as Columbia and India Ved, As a matter of fact, a conference on the Arms Trade Treaty is taking place at the time of writing this paper March One side of this ambition lies in the sense that the ATT could become the first regulatory agreement which had the ability to control arms exports based on human rights violations, to prevent supply to areas of conflict with the potential of destabilisation, and to efficiently execute embargoes.
Another side of the ambition is that the ATT, if it were implemented, would establish uniform standards for weapons trade control, which would significantly reduce grey market trade as well as would greatly decrease arms flow into black markets Arms Control Association, However, even though the vast majority of the international community as well as NGOs are strongly in favour of such a treaty, the U.
Without the commitment of the major exporters of arms, this treaty would become largely irrelevant. All things considered, arms trade regulation, as it exists today, is only efficient to the extent that there are voluntary agreements and codes of conduct on arms exports, whereas the major powers are generally opposing any stricter regulations of trade, and are in fact increasing their military spending.
This essay reached this conclusion by, first of all, examining the existing arms trade control treaties and emphasising their flawed unbinding nature. Then, it looked into the issues associated with regulating arms trade, particularly the UN Charter Article 51, and the growing importance of small arms. Further, this essay examined arms trade in black and grey markets, stressing the inefficiency of current regulatory mechanisms in terms of controlling weapon movements.
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Finally, the on-going conference on the Arms Trade Treaty was analysed with regard to its ambitious plans supported by the international community, but not the major powers. Annesteus, A.
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Anna Stavrianakis | University of Sussex - esicywowyq.tk
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Taking Aim at the Arms Trade: NGOs, Global Civil Society and the World Military Order
Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Many thanks! Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below. Submissions Advertise Article Award About. They unintentionally contribute to the generation of consent for a hierarchical and asymmetrical world military order, facilitating intervention in the global South based on liberal understandings of the arms trade and associated issues of conflict, development and human rights.
As a consequence, their actions contribute to the construction of the South as a site of Northern benevolence and intervention, a stark contrast to NGOs' self-image and widespread reputation as progressive actors. In exposing the contradictions inherent in NGOs engagement with the arms trade, Stavrianakis argues forcefully for a change of approach that can avoid such damaging outcomes.
Her main research interests are NGOs and global civil society; the arms trade and military globalization; North-South relations; and critical approaches to the study of international security. Gondang Raya no.
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