Jahrhundert mit seiner stratifikatorischen Gesellschaftsdifferenzierung, die gekennzeichnet ist durch klare Hierarchien. Der Schwerpunkt meiner Arbeit liegt auf den Ausdifferenzierungsprozessen innerhalb des Codes. Seller Inventory APC More information about this seller Contact this seller 4. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. More information about this seller Contact this seller 5. Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie des More information about this seller Contact this seller 6.
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Le Doze eds. Vec eds. Lutz-Bachmann ed. Harter-Uibopuu and F. Mitthof eds. Amnestie in der Antike. Wienand eds. Lutz-Bachmann Hg. Manders, Coining Images of Power. The project started from the assumption that normativity both presupposes and produces subjectivity. Subjectivity is understood in this context as the ensemble of the capacities of normative orientation.
Thus the project inquired into the forms of subjectivity that are constitutive for specific structures of normativity. This question was pursued from a twofold perspective: from that of how normative orders are realized and from that of how they are brought about in the first place through the formation of specific structures of subjectivity. Therefore, this investigation aimed to conceptualize normativity in processual terms: normativity only exists through processes of subjectivation. The ultimate goal of the project was to develop a genealogical conception of normativity. The connection to the overall research of the Cluster was twofold.
First, the project focused on the topic of the formation of normative orders. It asked how the nature and the structure of normativity are to be understood on the assumption that it is generated through processes of subjectivation. Secondly, the project conducted its investigation of forms of subjectivation in an interdisciplinary perspective. The research in the project had two focuses.
The first was on the mode of formation of subjectivity and its consequences for the concept of normativity; at the center of this first field of research was the concept of freedom as liberation. The research in the first field showed that the genesis of subjectivity unfolds in a process of transformation that leads from a merely natural to a normative or mental being. This process constitutes subjectivity, which thus consists in the processual relation between nature and mind.
Hence the freedom that defines subjectivity must also be understood as a process, namely the process of liberation. In his dissertation on the young Hegel written in the context of the project, Oliver Brokel showed that freedom stands in a relation of indissoluble tension to every existing normative order. The research in the second field led to a theory of subjective rights which plays a fundamental role in the modern legal order. At the center of this analysis is the thesis that the form of subjective rights embodies an act of the self-reflection of law which inscribes the difference between norm and nature into the very structure of the norm itself.
Further analysis was devoted to the political and social consequences of this subjective empowerment by means of subjective rights. Honneth und G. Hindrichs eds. Internationaler Hegelkongress , Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, , pp. Reprint in: Christian Schmidt ed. Geschichtsphilosophie am Beginn des Canadian Journal of Continental Philosopy , 17 1 , , pp. Profile Project members Brokel, Oliver former member Profile. Engel, M. Gebhardt, K. Brocker Hg.
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Stekeler-Weithofer, B. Zabel Hg. Details Khurana, Thomas Hrsg. Jahrgang, Juli Details Menke, Christoph : "Umsturz. Ist eine Revolution denkbar? Stuttgart: Metzler. Eine Kulturtheorie Berlin In: Hegel-Studien 49 Jahrgang, Heft 7, Juli , S. Reprint in: Christian Schmidt Hg. Georg Lohmann zum Geburtstag, Freiburg: Alber , S. The representation of violence has been an important guiding theme within cinema since its beginnings. There are very different functions this process can take in different genres. Nevertheless it has always been important to broach the issue of the law of violence and the violence of the law in cinematic narrations.
Fictional films that depict events and states of open or latent violence, often question the legitimacy of social orders, in which violence occurs through their form of narration. These films are about the intimacy between law and violence. Starting from exemplary films from different genres — mainly western, film noir, war films and police procedurals — the research focused on the question of how the aesthetic treatment in these films dramatizes the entanglement of law and violence.
The investigation into these genres was based on the assumption that cinema imagines the connection between law and violence from multiple perspectives: movies tell stories about the evolution of normative orders out of experiences of violence and injustice and about the different forms of violence which emerge from a transient establishment or a permanent enforcement of those orders. With respect to the medium of film, the project investigated how filmic fictions represent, question, diffract and display normative perspectives on social and political conflicts.
In this way the aesthetic reflection within cinema was made productive for a theoretically non-illusionary view on normative orders and their dialectical connection with forms of violence that they often try in vain to restrain. At the basis of the project were philosophical and sociological analyses of the dialectic of law and violence as this is enacted in feature films.
An important platform of research was provided by interdisciplinary lectures series and workshops in which speakers from different disciplines contributed to its general themes from their own disciplinary perspectives. One of the central insights confirmed by our research is that views from within normative orders as they are presented by feature films are shaped by an oscillation between justification and questioning, legitimization and de-legitimization which is only rarely unequivocally dissolved. Workshop: Rechtfertigungsnarrative. Schuff, Jochen and Martin Seel eds. Jahrhunderts Normative Orders Vol.
Profile Seel, Martin, Prof. Details Keppler, Angela : Zeigen ohne zu sagen. A special feature of law is that justifications of judicial judgments are not conclusive. This can be seen from the fact that in the law it is always possible to refute or challenge the application of a legal rule R in terms of a justified exception. There are innumerable exceptions to legal rules.
The core concern of the project was to deepen our understanding of legal normativity through an analysis of the contestability of legal justifications. A specific focus was the analysis of the question of the relationship between contestability and indeterminacy. Does the fact that the exceptions cannot be enumerated also mean that the situation is normatively indeterminate? The project was a contribution to the study of the normativity of normative orders and, in particular, to the partial question as to whether normative orders are subject to an incessant process of revision.
The basis was provided by a bibliography compiled in advance on the theme of contestability. At a meeting in March , some of the sub-questions of the project were examined by renowned legal and moral philosophers. According to this approach, contestability and legal indeterminacy are mutually exclusive, because contestability means specifically that a judgment is accorded greater weight at the substantive level of justification than at the level of rules, and thereby implies normative determinateness.
Ruth Chang, Prof. Jonathan Dancy, Dr. Susanne Mantel, Prof. Josep Joan Moreso, Prof. Matthias Klatt, Prof. Andrei Marmor, Prof. Willaschek eds. Grazer Philosophische Studien 87, , pp. Grazer Philosophische Studien , 87, C. Willaschek, Marcus: "Moral ohne Sanktion? Vesper eds. Rainer Enskat, Berlin: de Gruyter.
Grazer Philosophischen Studien 87, hg. Janvid, H. Matthiessen und M. Hartmann, J. Liptow und M. Willaschek, Berlin: Suhrkamp Details. The supposed conflict between individual self-interest and the common good is one of the hottest debated issues in economic ethics, environmental ethics as well as at the intersection between ecology and economics. All these phenomena may be summarized under the heading tragedy of the commons given their lack of economic, social and environmental sustainability.
This research project has been analyzing potential trade-offs and compatibilities between self-interest and common welfare. Both norms play a key role in economic theory as well as for the development and implementation of new concepts for economic policy and regulation. The project is especially interested in the respective narratives that are used to justify the two norms. Because such narratives typically have their origin beyond economics in the narrow sense, the interdisciplinary framework of the Cluster is an ideal setting for studying the genesis and development of these norms in close collaboration with related disciplines.
The clash of different and differently motivated normative concepts, the emerging conflicts of interest and trade-offs as well as possible solutions were studied from a conceptual point of view as well as in the light of two case studies. One case is the emergence and implementation of the Equator Principles, a voluntary Corporate Social Responsibility initiative in the banking industry; the other case concerns the pros and cons of a paternalistic economic policy.
As was elaborated in the project, this view is the result of a particular narrative that only emerges in early modern times and has always been confronted with other views from within and outside economics, in particular ethics, which point out the conflicting nature of both norms. The project showed both at the conceptual level and in the discussion of the two case studies that appropriate mechanisms of regulation, monitoring and sanctions are needed in order to make the results of economic behavior compatible with both norms.
In the implementation of those mechanisms and interventions the danger of paternalism needs to be addressed if it is to be avoided. Martens, W. Bertelsmann Verlag; S. Wendt ed. Details Link to full text Klump, Rainer : Wirtschaftspolitik. History, Methodology, Philosophy 3 4 ; At all times, holy texts have been used as reference points for the legitimation and justification of political decisions.
They served as an overarching framework from which particular political and social decisions of, for instance, early modern societies in Europe derived their claim of perennial validity. One example would be the use of certain biblical passages from both the Old and the New Testament in order to illustrate the character of good governance, to prove the validity of particular forms of political constitution, to sanction the use of violence and so on. In this project, the reference to biblical passages as an absolute norm — as norma normans — was analyzed on the basis of certain groups of sources, especially collections of sermons, and with a focus on a comparison between different Christian confessions and between different regions.
The project helped to foster our understanding of how sacred texts legitimize fundamental norms and how respective narratives of justification function in society. In this way we were able to arrive at new insights into historical chronology and the genesis of basic rights as fundamental norms of modernity.
Transitional rites in early-modern Christianity — in particular baptismal rites, marriage rites between members of the different Christian confessions as well as members of Christianity and Judaism or Islam , and the rituals associated with death consolation rites in the event of death, mourning — were analyzed as providing a key to understanding interconfessional and interreligious disputes. The basis of the research was provided by the rich sources in the Vatican archives. Our analysis confirmed that the shared horizon of the controversies analyzed was invariably provided by the scholarly interpretation of the Old Testament and the New Testament.
The controversies turned exclusively on the extent to which the Bible could be function and be recognized as norma normans both in theological justification and as regards its practical effects in the world. Based on an examination of the sources, the project was also able to prove that the emergence of basic rights had already begun in Europe during the sixteenth century.
The elaboration of a comprehensive database provided the foundation for a systematic analysis of the argumentative use of certain Biblical passages New and Old Testaments in the conflicts to be analyzed, e. Vorgeschichte, Verlauf, Wirkung , C. Lanzinger, D. Rizzo, pp. Dursteler ed. Profile Project members Cristellon, Cecilia, Dr. Ellermann u. Sedmak Hg. Vorgeschichte, Verlauf, Wirkung, 7.
Melloni Hg. Ein Christ zwischen Reformation und Moderne , Berlin. Vorgeschichte, Verlauf, Wirkung, 6. Regensburger Hgg. Leppin Hgg. In: Das Haus in der Geschichte Europas. Ein Handbuch, Hg J. Eibach, I. Schmidt-Voges, De Gruyter , S. In: Il genere nella ricerca storica, Hg. Chemotti, M. Details Cristellon, Cecilia : Il giudice come confessore nei processi matrimoniali veneziani Beaulande-Barraud, M. Charageat, Turnhout: Brepols , S. Dursteler Leiden, Boston: Brill , pp.
Cristellon -- pp. Systems of legal norms constitutions, law collections, judicial texts for teaching purposes and mathematical theorems or systems of mathematical rules both represent formal structures which are valuable for specific legal theory and epistemological aspects, as they are of a high inner coherence which enables deductions, aiming at enabling unique decisions for the solution of specific problems. The guidance provided by such meta-norms, which are the basis for a formal understanding of judicial and mathematical structures and procedures, is a characteristic feature of a modern idea of law and mathematics.
It was mainly devised and established in the first decades of the 20th century within the context of scientific and cultural concepts of the modern era. Hans Kelsen for the domain of legal theory and David Hilbert for the domain of mathematics are key figures in this development. However — and this is where our current project starts from — even very early stages of written judicial and mathematical systems and procedures display certain formal structures. This is also apparent in further domains, where knowledge was put in written form.
To understand this process in its important stages better is the aim of our project. The project analyses the normativity of formal structures and procedures with reference to ancient Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Hittite, Greek and Roman judicial and mathematical texts. Systems of norms which were generated by the earliest literate cultures indicate requirements for the normativity and characteristic aspects of formal structures, e. The study of the systems of rules of ancient cultures that used writing provides fundamental insights into the conditions for the emergence and acceptance of formally structured systems of norms.
Such features as the importance of casuistic practices, regional and chronological changes and the need for consistency and coherence in their logical structure make it possible to draw conclusions about the nature of normative systems in question that may also be useful in research on later and even on recent developments.
The close collaboration with Prof. Moritz Epple and Prof. Guido Pfeifer fostered the discussion of the results beyond the boundaries of our project. Discussion of the research topic and the selection of suitable source material took place at an introductory workshop in April This workshop also served as preparation for the international conference held in March The papers delivered at this conference were then discussed in a further workshop held in February This served to make interconnections between the chapters of the corresponding volume that is currently being prepared for publication.
Pre-modern mathematical and judicial texts exhibit distinctive formal structures whose normativity can be identified as early as in the texts from Mesopotamia and Egypt and enables conclusions to be drawn about the division of their content e. Significant differences can be found between written legal texts from Egypt and from Mesopotamia Annette Imhausen.
In addition, Guido Pfeifer documented the use of mathematical values within Mesopotamian legal texts as a further connection between the two subject areas. Workshop: Normativity of formal structures and procedures in the ancient world. Profile Project members Schmidl, Petra, Dr.
Fincke Hrg. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, Leiden - Boston: Brill, The question as to how non-state and quasi-state rule is to be legitimized became insistent already before the beginning of the 19th century, as modern statehood and civil society based on private law took shape as independent, autonomous spaces.
The central concern of the project is the identification and accentuation of patterns of legitimation that arise with the emergence of such non-state or quasi-state activities, which themselves correspond de facto or de jure to the exercise of sovereign power. This can include the diverse forms of legislation, adjudication and the exercise of administrative competences as they were practiced in the 19th- and early 20th-century legal orders.
Such narratives of legitimation are identified by investigating legitimation requirements, legitimation criteria, such as legality, the common good, effectiveness and efficiency, and various sources and topoi of legitimation, such as autonomy, sovereignty, democracy or self-rule. As a result, work during the funding period beginning in was able to address the conceptual foundations and considerations arising from state theory and jurisprudence in relation to such modes of regulation and the references they make to legitimation.
Wolf was very fruitful and it benefitted from a workshop whose results have been published in the meantime. While we were able to determine that the intensity of the contemporary scholarly debate on the legitimation of non-state regulation in Germany in the 19th and 20th centuries was, generally speaking, fairly thin, and thus did not play a significant role, there were indeed noteworthy exceptions.
This seeming contradiction has to do with the fact that until the middle of the 20th century no uniform understanding or conception of democracy had emerged. Of more central importance were debates among practitioners and functionaries of the associations to which the project paid special attention. Topoi of legitimation with sector-specific contours developed within the context of these debates. The Case of the lex sportiva, in: Global Constitutionalism 3: 3 , The project investigates the formation of transnational regimes of criminal law in the 18th and 19th centuries as manifested in international treaties, national criminal law codes, international discourses among experts and various state practices.
One of the principal goals is to analyze interdependencies among transnational and national norms, actual state practice, and international discourses, conferences and organizations. Of particular interest in this context is the study of political crimes, which were perceived as posing cross-border threats to security and served as a narrative to promote the development of transnational regimes of criminal law. The subproject enriches the research area with valuable empirical and historical material on the development of transnational legal orders in modernity.
It reconstructs the formation of transnational regimes of criminal law in the 18th and 19th century. By focusing on specific areas of transnational legal cooperation — extradition, political asylum, judicial assistance and police cooperation — and a variety of state and non-state actors, ranging from the European powers to states in Latin America and Asia, this research uncovers the interdependencies among transnational regimes of security and criminal law as well as international normative orders. These enable us to explain the emergence of legal pluralism, fragmentation and collisions of legal regimes.
Two dissertation projects tackled important questions. Investigating political crime and conflicts, ranging from political dissidence, refugees and exiles, to insurgencies, assassinations and other forms of political violence, which were perceived as cross-border security threats or were criminalized, emphasizes the significance of narratives of justification for the emergence of normative orders.
- Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900).
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It shows the extent to which observable processes of securitization and desecuritization, as well as codification and recodification, contributed to a durable normative order of transnational security and to criminal law regimes, and with it, to transnational governance of violence, crime and security. Vick eds. Krischer eds.
People encounter normativity in many different guises; norms of various kinds regulate their conduct and make society possible. Among its juridical guises, law, injunction, and contract are possibly primary types Hasso Hofmann. Jurisprudence has always been preoccupied with questions of the typology and hierarchy of the sources of law; it is devoted to the order of norms of the legal type and tries to develop rules governing conflicts of laws.
News from Normative Orders
But there are other forms of normativity as well: social rules and moral injunctions seem to be the main types, others being religious law and technical norms. The labels change their meaning and their semantics partially overlap. They fulfill different functions but share the claim to regulate human conduct.
Meetings during the initial phase served to clarify the concept of multinormativity. The concept was deliberately conceived in a broad sense rather than being restricted from the outset to the phenomenon of law or to a specific claim to validity or legitimacy. The part of the project devoted to legal history, located at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History MPIeR , dealt with the description and analysis of the coexistence, cooperation, and collision of different normativities in given historical constellations.
Methodologically speaking, it was a question of integrating analytical approaches of jurisprudence, but also approaches from theology, philosophy, sociology, political science and social anthropology, into the historical work and of developing a transdisciplinary conceptual framework. The first phase of the project was devoted to intensive discussions of the question of multinormativity, which was anchored in the medium-term research plans of the research concentration. The research concentration of the Max Planck Institute supervises, structures and develops the projects carried out within the Institute in the individual research areas with a view to the main theme.
This made it possible to generate knowledge concerning significant historical constellations of multinormativity and to introduce it into the work of the project network at the level of the Cluster of Excellence. One focus was on early modern Latin America, with its characteristic boundary zones and hybridizations.
What is involved are innovations in the normative domain that accompany the development of modern economic society and, at the level of constitutional history, contribute to shaping the reorientation from government the governance. The Institute was able to draw upon its international relationships to promote the Multinormativity Project by involving foreign visiting scholars and doctoral fellows in the research. Moreover, this year the thematic focus of the journal Rechtsgeschichte published by the Max Planck Institute will be on the subject of multinormativity. This is especially true of a project on dogmatics that originated in a collaboration with researchers from the Faculties of Law and Theology at the University of Heidelberg.
In theology and law, dogmatics provides a conceptual template for processing inconsistencies internal to law or theology.
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At the same time, dogmatics is sensitive to normativities of other disciplines as these are applied to it. The aim of this collaboration is to develop a conception of dogmatics derived from interdisciplinary learning for public law and for Protestant theology that is appropriate for pluralistic, globalized and multireligious societies.
The lectures were published in the journal Staat , Vol. In addition, the MPIL is conducting a large-scale project on Latin America aimed at structuring Latin American constitutionalism through shared principles and developing it in a progressive direction. This project gave rise to collaborations with PI Thomas Duve that were reflected, among other things, in conference presentations.
The Ethnographic Production of Cultural/Spiritual Value
The systematic research in the history of philosophy and the lectures and workshops of PI Matthias Lutz-Bachmann focused on fundamental problems of the normative legitimization and delegitimization of political rule, as well as on questions of the justification of a philosophical ethical theory, especially as they bear on issues of human rights and human dignity.
In this context relevant publications were prepared and in part completed for publication, some of them in cooperation with colleagues from legal studies, political science, general history and theology. Central to this research was the controversy with the authors Schiff Berman and Gunther Teubner. This primarily involved showing that the two authors can formulate their proposals only by presupposing an assumed, at least hypothetical and fictive, universalistic meta-norm. The discussion of this essay at two international conferences in Belo Horizonte in and in Cartagena in prompted suggestions to develop this meta-norm further in the direction of a rule of recognition of global law.
Parallel to this, the Multinormativity Panel and the subsequent discussion at the Annual Conference of the Cluster in particular provided the initial impulse for a study on the multinormative contexts of the application of norms. Norms do not exist on their own in the abstract and without context; they are always embedded in multinormative contexts of moral, legal, religious, political and ethical kinds, and are also connected with epistemic norms and rules of prudence.
In these multinormative contexts, norms and normative orders support and explicate each other — always in temporally, factually and socially concretized constellations. They form a concrete, particular network of historically situated, locally and situationally available behavioral requirements. In particular cases, there is the problem that no one in the given situation is able to gain an overview of these multinormative references.
This deficit is offset by justification narratives. They bundle and interpret multinormative references in such a way that they interpret and justify individual norms and normative orders with a view to the specific historical situation of a particular lifeworld. The current state of this research is documented by the article on parapractical justification narratives. Duve ed. English Translation: In Whose Name? Profile Lutz-Bachmann, Matthias, Prof. Profile von Bogdandy, Armin, Prof. Kontextsensible Rechtswissenschaft vor der transnationalen Herausforderung, Baden-Baden: Nomos, , pp.
Introductory Remarks, in: ders. Details Duve, Thomas : Savigny international? Details Link to full text urn:nbn:de:hebis von Bogdandy, Armin : Ius constitutionale commune latinoamericanum. Details von Bogdandy, Armin : Struktur der Staatenverbindungen. Paul Kirchhof zum Geburtstag, Band I, C. The financial and banking crisis revealed not just the economic but also the profound social consequences of economic action in the financial sector.
This prompted us to ask in particular to what extent and under what conditions financial actors can relate to the social dimension of their economic activity and also take into account the negative external effects of their business practices. However, hardly any other occupational group has been the focus of less social scientific examination than the banking and financial professions.
A further goal of our research, therefore, was to fill some of the resulting gaps in our knowledge and, if necessary, to correct common stereotypical assumptions concerning bankers. To this end, the project drew upon the central insight from the theory of practice that, even in the economic system, actors are not exclusively interested in maximizing their own utility, but are also concerned with legitimacy and recognition.
The sociologically relevant question is therefore not whether morality plays some role on the financial markets, but what financial actors understand by morality and social responsibility and what importance they attach to it in their working lives. The research was based on comparative ethnographic milieu studies on professional groups in the finance industry at the Frankfurt and Zurich banking centers.
The analysis of the interviews brought a dilemma to light: Although financial actors do indeed associate normative claims with their profession, these claims do not affect the social sphere that is especially in need of normatively guided action. At any rate, the homogenous composition of the social milieus from which managers in the financial sector are increasingly recruited is closely related to this inward-looking professional morality. The social disembedding of economic action in the financial sector is therefore not only a function of a systemic logic that elevates the orientations to profit and competition to its central principles, but also of the homogeneous milieus of financial actors who have lost touch to a large extent with other lifeworlds.
That other normative orientations are also possible within the financial system is shown by the analysis of ethical credit institutions whose everyday practices are not based exclusively on principles of economic profit maximization but are also highly compatible with social discourses on sustainability. In particular, criticism of conventional banking and its internal morality, it transpired, is a constitutive and recognized component of the professional biography of ethical bankers. Roth-Isigkeit eds. Frankfurt am Main: Campus, Details Lenz, Sarah forthcoming : Ethische Geldinstitute.
Normative Orientierungen und Kritik im Bankenwesen. Frankfurt am Main: Campus , S. Die Chefs der Deutschen Bank kommen und gehen. Juni , S. Zur Berufsmoral im Finanzwesen, in: WestEnd. The fundamental problem of the international intellectual property IP system has always been that the rights of inventors, authors, etc. There is no world patent or world copyright, but only a bundle of national IP rights. At the same time, communication and commerce do not come to a halt at national borders. This discrepancy between national regulation and transnational exchange impedes the enforcement of IP rights in practice.
The project analyzed from a legal point of view the legality and legitimacy of different forms of cooperation between public and private actors who thereby try to mitigate or even overcome the drawbacks of a mosaic of national IP rights in a largely globalized economy. Three forms of cooperation can be distinguished:. Strictly private cooperation between right holders occurs in form of networks of contracts.
These contractual networks enable the transnational use of knowledge in spite of a multitude of rights patent pools, collecting societies, Open Source, Wikipedia. Cooperation between the judicial and executive branches: Since the legislative branch is incapable of acting due to the unanimity principle, a tendency of cooperation between other public authorities can be observed.
Courts consider relevant foreign decisions during their decision-making-process for instance concerning the patentability of certain inventions , which leads to a harmonization of judicial practice even in the absence of international or European law. In some areas of law insolvency law, family law , courts already collaborate with each other to cope with transnational insolvency proceedings and family matters. Such cooperation is now being discussed in the context of multistate IP proceedings.
Patent offices also collaborate and exchange information in order to handle parallel patent applications. Cooperation between public authorities and private individuals: Finally, cooperation also takes place between public authorities and private parties. The EU Commission mediated memoranda of understanding between publishers, libraries and collecting societies for the purpose of the digitalization and accessibility of out-of-commerce works, and between online retailers like eBay and right holders concerning the enforcement of trademarks and copyrights on these platforms.
The European Observatory on Counterfeiting and Piracy has been created to reduce enforcement loopholes by enabling right holders to join forces and share information. Ameriks, Karl and Sturma, Dieter. The Modern Subject. Ameriks, Karl. Ameriks, D. David E. New York Band II, 1. Hans Friedrich Fulda zum Geburtstag, ed. Fricke, P. Guyer, International Studies in Philosophy 26 Ethics Review of M. Gram, The Transcendental Turn Philosophical Review 96 Review of P.
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Aquila, Richard E. Ted Cohen and Paul Guyer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , Bloomington: Indiana University Press, International Studies in Philosophy 19 Guyer, Kant and the Claims of Knowledge International Studies in Philosophy 22 The Review of Metaphysics 47 Aquila, Richard. Review of A. Melnick, Space, Time and Thought in Kant International Studies in Philosophy 24 Review of W.
Aramayo, Roberto R. Granada Granada , Aramayo, Roberto. Arendt, Hannah. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Arifuku, K. Uneigentlichkeit und Eigentlichkeit des menschlichen Selbst. Papenfuss and O. Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, Armstrong, Meg. Arnheim, Rudolf.
Arntzen, Sven. Dissertation: Johns Hopkins University. Artola, Jose Maria. Arvidson, P. Asbach, Olaf. Aschenberg, Reinhold. Blasche et alii, Ashley, Leonard R. Review of J. Laursen, The Politics of Skepticism Asmuth, Christoph. Amsterdam: Gruner, Atkinson, R. Atterton, Peter Carey. Atwell, John E. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.
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Prof. Dr Georg Mein
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