In Libya, meanwhile, authoritarian dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown in October , during a violent civil war, and he was tortured literally dragged through the streets and executed by opposition fighters. Video footage of his death was seen by millions online. This has contributed, in part, to the ongoing worldwide refugee crisis, which has seen thousands flee Libya, most often by boat across the Mediterranean Sea, with hopes of new opportunities in Europe.
Similarly, the civil war that began in Syria in the aftermath of the Arab Spring lasted for several years, forcing many to leave the country to seek refuge in Turkey, Greece and throughout Western Europe. Yet, although ISIS has largely been defeated in Syria, the oppressive regime of long-time dictator Bashar al Assad remains in power in the country.
In addition, the ongoing civil war in Yemen can also be traced to the Arab Spring. And in Bahrain, peaceful pro-democracy protests in the capital Manama in and were violently suppressed by the government of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. Officially, the country has a constitutional monarchy form of government, but personal freedoms remain limited. The plight of the Bahraini people was dramatically portrayed in the documentary Shouting in the Dark , which was released in December 17, Mohamed Bouazizi sets himself on fire outside a local government office in an act of protest after being arrested by police for not having a permit to run a vegetable stall.
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Street protests begin soon after his death throughout the country. October 20, Libyan dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is captured by rebels, tortured and killed. November 23, Yemen dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh signs a power-sharing agreement. He resigns altogether in February and is later killed, in , while the country is still engulfed in a civil war. November 28, Egypt holds first democratic elections for parliament. In June , Morsi is elected president, but is removed from power by coup in July Arab Uprisings.
Arab Spring - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
BBC News. Trinity University. Huffington Post. Bahrain: Shouting in the Dark.
Al Jazeera. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad: Facing down rebellion. Another point of concern was made clear to me through my ongoing dialogue with Emad Shahin who pointed to the following issues: the level of commitment of some Western academics to their subject matter, and the return the region gets on the provision of service. Many overnight Middle East experts show a remarkable tendency to pursue sensational and market-driven topics and readily switch interest as the market forces fluctuate.
- The future of the Egyptian revolution.
- The red fairy book - 1907!
- Academic Tourists Sight-Seeing the Arab Spring.
- Positive Impact Magazine.
- The One Year Women of the Bible (One Year Books).
- The Arab Spring, the West and Political Islam?
- Not In Love.
This superficial and business-oriented handling of crucial developments and changes in the area affects how the peoples of the region are perceived and how policies are shaped in the West. Malaysian sociologist S Farid Alatas argued as he promoted the idea of the necessity of establishing an indigenous sociology through a modern reading of the work of Ibn Khaldun and state formation that such a move has to be undertaken parallel with the rethinking of curricula and syllabi in non-Western academic contexts.
These are immense challenges, to be sure; but if we can identify them clearly, we can begin to take action. And an achievement in one place can be a model everywhere else.
The next time millions of people march peacefully in Cairo to demand that their voices be heard, the trigger may not be a self-immolation in Sidi Bouzid, but a riot in Istanbul, the impeachment of a US president, or electoral victories for progressive parties in Europe. The goal is to create and foster dialogue between the communities.
By Jan Schmidt-Whitley. Skip to main content. Economist Ishac Diwan compares the failure of the Arab Spring with the rise in right-wing populism across the western world, both of them phenomena marked by massive social tensions. Moreover, he argues, the efforts of progressive movements to provide a viable alternative have all but run aground.
Remarkable parallels But what adjustments will be made and who will carry out them out? According to Amnesty International, at least 34, supposed dissidents have been arrested since summer In ihrem Werk entsteht ein Previously unpublished work Naguib Mahfouz' "The Quarter" For people in the Arab world to be able to throw off the yoke of military rule, a new balance must be struck between political and social forces and the military.
‘I was terribly wrong’ - writers look back at the Arab spring five years on
Though it is now Yet the West's Social utopia on the Nile? According to the Egyptian government, Egypt is once again experiencing a great civilizational awakening. A campaign aimed at producing a new multicultural identity has been In her book Susannah Heschel investigates the role of Islam in the emergence of a Jewish identity and seeks to pay tribute to the academic legacy of Jewish-German scholars of In submitting this comment, the reader accepts the following terms and conditions: Qantara. This applies in particular to defamatory, racist, personal, or irrelevant comments or comments written in dialects or languages other than English.
The Myth of the Arab Spring
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Related The West and Islam: An Ongoing Arab Spring
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