Die Geburt der Eltern. Paare im Übergang von der Partnerschaft zur Elternschaft (German Edition)


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Sturm Baby, Chr. Baby Elt. Powerplate, N. Bei wellcome findest du Do 8 Wo. Ferien, ab Ein Konzept, Elt. Gruppe Yoga Also Baby, off. Baby ab 8 Wo. Topciy Hohenfelde, Ifflandstr. Jansen Baby Fam. Freyer Baby, geschl. Kurs, Angela Kurse m. Kind Friedrich GfG vorm. Ausnahmezeit, Lerchenberg 35, o.

GfG-Kurslei- Di Eilbek, Anjali Yoga, Maxstr. Baby, fortl. Bun- Baby, U. RundeZeiten, o. RundeZeiten, m. Ausnahmezeit, Lerchenberg 35; 10x, o. Baby, N. Graeber Mikuteit Vorbau Balke, Am Drosteipark 11, m. Balke, Am Drosteipark 11, o. Yoga, fortl. Entwicklungsproblemen, N. Leypold Hilfe f. Eltern m. Schreibabys Beratungspraxis Marion Brinkers, Keplerstr. Begleitung Berat. Buri Mo-So Ohe Grade Beratung Begleit. Buri Mo-Sa Familien u. Beratung bei Schrei-, Schlaf- u. Eltern von Babys m. Wandsbek, Bandwirkerstr. Beratung f. Schreibaby Sasel, An der Schwelle, V. Wittgen Umland Schreibabyambulanz Wedel, Therapie Zentr.

Do Mon. Di Mon. Eltern Krankengymnastik u. Physiotherapie Georgi u. Eisenhart, Friesenweg 2, regelm. Blankenese, Am Rissener Bahnhof 13; 4x Mo Yogaschule Claudia Mahler, Heckscherstr. Fr bis 9 Mon. Buri Mo 8 Wo. Di bis 6 Mon. Respekt, kleine Gruppe, D. Mi ab 6 Wo. Fr Mon. Respekt, D. Eine ausgewogene Mischung aus Singen, Do bis 9 Mon. Mo Mon. Leboyer Mi 6 Wo. Gruppe, ab Do ab 10 Wo. Do ab 6 Wo. Uhlenhorst, Schenkendorfstr. Musik, C. Elvers Mon. Mi Musikgarten a. Elvers UKE, Kinderlotse, Martinistr. Do Von Anfang an. Mi 8 Wo. Do bis 6 Mon. Aktiv, Pezolddamm ; 5x, M.

Ausnahmezeit, Lerchenberg 35 Kursleiter Mi Mon. Hebammerei Schneverdingen, 4x, S. Ott Buchholz, 4x, S. V Mo Pikler-SpielRaum Mon. Bewegung, D. Wirkstoff: Zinkoxid. Baby Mon. Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen lesen Sie die Packungs- Dann kann eine Babymassage Wunder wirken: Sie hilft deinem Liebling Stress abzubauen, sich zu ent- spannen.

Die Techniken und Handgriffe der Babymassage lernst du in einem Kurs. Babys Mon. Eisenhart, Friesenweg 2 Mackeprang Gerlach Mi BabySteps 2 - Babykurs ab 5 Mon. Dethloff Do BabySteps 1 - Babykurs bis 5 Mon. Kinderpsychologie, Kottwitzstr. I Mo PiklerSpielRaum Mon. Christuskirche, Halstenbeker Weg 22; 7x Christuskirche, 5x, s. PEKiP, Pikler etc. Christuskirche, Halstenbeker Weg 22; 6x Beer Klockgether Meyer Bruns Schritt 6 Mon. Schritt ab 15 Mon. Marienkrankenhaus, Alfredstr. Mi BabySteps - Babykurs ab 5 Mon. Do BabySteps - Babykurs bis 5 Mon.

Do Babys entdecken die Welt bis 6 Mon. Militzer geb. Clever Wunderwerk Warum dein guter BabySteps ab 1 J. PEKiP Heb. Himmeroeder Bewegungsentwicklung Do BabySteps bis 1 J. Heidberg, Elternzentr. Wissenswertes, S. Do Babysignal Elt. Decker Pershon Mo Kleine Weltendecker bis 12 Mon. Mi Babyclub - Fabel Elt. Seele, 9x, s. Goldt-Rickers Lippke Mi babySignal - m. Sonner Umland Licht e. Storchenhaus, 7x, Spiele u. Di BabySteps bis 1 J. Buchholz, 7x, Spiele u. Die Songs auf Adolf-Stift, Hamburger Str. Sie leitet gemeinsam mit ihrem Aqua Baby I Mon.

Die Aqua Kita ab 2 J. Fr Kleinkindschwimmen 1, J. Schlepper Fr Kinderschwimmen J. Sa Babyschwimmen Mon. Sa Kinderschwimmen J. Di Babyschwimmen 2 Mon. Swym, Folgekurs Di Babyschwimmen 1 Mon. Mi Kleinkindschwimmen J. Sa Babyschwimmen 2 Mon. Sa Babyschwimmen 1 Mon. Swym, fortl. Aqua Baby I Mon. Pauli, Budapester Str. Di Kleinkinder - Schwimmclub J. Mi Babyschwimmen 1 Mon. Mi Babyschwimmen 2 Mon. Swym, Holmes Place, Folge Do Babyschwimmen 1 Mon. Swym, Holmes Place, Anf. So Babyschwimmen 2 Mon. So Babyschwimmen 1 Mon. Swym, Altenhof ErK, Anf. Swym, Holmes Place, www. Do Babyschwimmen 2 Mon.

Fr Babyschwimmen 2 Mon. Swym, Altenhof ErK, Folge Swym, Holmes Place, Bostelreihe 2, Folgekurs Fr Babyschwimmen 1 Mon. Swym, Holmes Place, Bostelreihe 2, fortl. Umland Entwicklung Di Alle in einem Boot - Integr. Schwimmen J. Umland kidsgo. Henn Umland ohne Monatsangabe, Termin erfragen: Baby- u.

Kinderschwimmen ab 4 Mon. Musik bis 3 J. Gruppe, U. Meyer Di Meyer Mi FBS, Kath. Kindern ,5 J. Kindern 3, J. BabyFit - Krabbelzwerge in Bewegung Mon. Hop f. Minis ab 6 Mon. Bewegung Mon. Mo Unter Kinder Schlehenweg 1, neues ganzheitliches Konzept, M. Schnathmeier jed.

Schnathmeier gen, bundesweit, Yoga f. Kinder i. Ferien Schlehenweg 1, neues ganzheitl. Konzept, M. Schnathmeier Sa kostenlos und Ein Do auf die Internetseite: Kinder ab 3 J. Di Eltern-Kind-Turnen J. Di Frauensinnstiftung Di und freut sich Wenn Sie helfen Geschwisterturnen Billstedt, Kath. FBS, St. IBAN: Elt. Babyturnen Mon. Max ab 10 Wo. Bewegung J. Eltern Di Bewegung f.

Umland B Ich kann das schon alleine Mon.

Die Beziehung und das Baby - Update II - Steffi Kessler

Kindern J. Umland Baby-, Kinder- u. Eltern-ABC bis 12 Mo. Wedel, Rosengarten 5, fortl. Mo,Do,Fr nachm. Wedel, Rosengarten 5 Altona Babyclub bis 12 Mon. Baumeister Baby- u. Krabbelkindertreff Mon. Anmeldung Di Kindergruppen prophysio, Friedensweg 10 Leisner Mi Babygruppe bis 1 J. Spielgruppe J. Gruppe Mo Gruppe Dein Sonnenschein liebt es, Gruppe Di Gruppe zureihen, einen Turm Mi zu bauen oder im Gruppe Sandkasten zu Do buddeln? Treff, ab Babytreff bis 6 Mon. Gruppe Bei uns kommt dein kleiner Mo Babytreff ab 8 Mon. Gruppe Do Treff, Fragen zum Stillen,Lade dein Lieblingsfoto ab Geschwisterkindern J.

September September Einsendeschluss ist der September Babys bis 8 Mon. Di wir ab Kindern Mon. Kindern 1, J. Oktober zur Abstimmung Fr kidsgo. Krabbelkindern Elt. Familienhebamme Mi,Fr Wichte bis 3 J. Kindergruppe Elt. Treff, Info Ki. Treff m. Gruppe Gewinne einen Mi Gruppe Fr Urlaubsgutschein LesbiSchwule Babygruppe Mon.

BabyTreff Mon. Babytreff ab 6 Mon. Krabbel- u. Kindergruppe Eltern-Kind-Zentr. Spielgruppe bis 3 J. Mo,Di,Do Spielgruppe m. Babys Elt. Familienhotel in Di Deutschland Eltern-Kind-Gruppe Elt. Zwergenzeit Mon. Preis Preis 2. Preis Eltern m. Mo Gewinne Kindern bis 5 J. Sandkasten Mo Eltern-Kind-Treff Mon. Finkenwerder Spielkreis 10 Mon. Sprache bis 3 J. Babytreff Elt. Babytreff bis 1 J. Kindertreff Elt. Krabbelgruppe bis 1 J. Krabbelgruppe bis 10 Mon. Treff Laufanf. Treff f. Kleinkindern Elt. Antonius, Lattenkamp 20, fortl. Krabbelgruppe bis 4 J. Kotusch Do Mozarteum, H.

Eltern Mo,Di,Do Eltern-Baby-Treff bis 1 J. Eltern-Kind-Treff J. Eltern-Kind-Treff bis 3 J. Treff Di Treff Do Gruppen Mo-Fr vorm. Spiel- u. Treff Mo Babytreff bis 12 Mon. Kinder gemeinsam J. Gruppe Mi Kita Mon. Eltern Fit f. Eltern Mo Eltern Fr Markt 8 Di Miniclub bis 8 Mon.

Veränderung der Partnerschaft während der Schwangerschaft und nach der Geburt

Babyclub bis 12 Mon. Babymassage Mo Kinderclub ab 12 Mon. Eltern Spiel u. Laternenlauf Mo-Do Eltern-Kind-Gruppe J. Spielgruppe 3 Mon. Fingerspiele ab 9 Mon. At a more detailed level of analysis, the countries of Europe exhibit similar trends in family transformation, with fewer marriages and more informal unions, and in the major causes of death, with decreases in cardiovascular and cancer mortality.

However, rather than a convergence of these trends across Europe, we are witnessing a repetition of similar changes at intervals of several years, with the gaps between countries or sub-regions remaining largely unchanged. The future of the European population will depend largely on fertility in coming years, with growth if fertility is high, decline if it is low, and relative stability if it remains at moderate levels.

Whatever the level of fertility in the next forty years, European population ageing will be inevitable, even if immigration remains at current levels, and substantial differences across Europe will persist. Gender relations in modern Georgian society [ BibTeX ]. Towards policies based on better knowledge The effects of social capital and social pressure on the intention to have a second or third child in France, Germany, and Bulgaria, —05 [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ].

Abstract : This study investigates the importance of the effect of an individual's web of informal relationships with family and peers on the intention to have a second or third child. Drawing on sociological theories of social capital help with childcare, emotional support and social pressure, the study extends existing research by evaluating cross-national differences between France, Germany, and Bulgaria in the impact of personal network and institutional circumstances.

It tests a non-linear relationship between social capital and fertility intentions. Social pressure and social capital are highly institutionally filtered, with the impact of personal network stronger where institutions are less family-supportive. Utenfor allfarvei: Begeistring - bare for de unge? Vennskap: Gode venner- sjeldne fugler? The effect of education on second births in Hungary: A test of the time-squeeze, self-selection, and partner-effect hypotheses [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. This finding contradicts the economic theory of fertility.

Three explanations were proposed: the selection, the time-squeeze, and the partner effect hypotheses. We estimate lognormal survival models of the timing of second births. Sociodemographic differences in partnership behaviour strategies: the forerunners of cohabitation in Lithuania [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. They might lead to a conclusion that second demographic transition, which had started in the North and West European countries about four decades ago, followed by the South European countries some time later, has, since the s, turned towards the Central and Eastern Europe.

Regardless of the centrality of the emerging new forms of partnership formation in the family transformation process, up till recently there were no sufficient data for the deeper analysis of this phenomenon in Lithuania. The paper will be essentially based on the Lithuanian Gender and Generation Survey and on the Population Census data. The research aims to explore the changes in family formation strategies and patterns, with specific focus on cohabitation, in the life course perspective.

By employing event history analysis the individual decision to form a certain type of partnership is controlled by the intergenerational parental divorce, family background, parental family household structure and the individual educational attainment, urban-rural, social class, values, and gender attitudes factors. Preliminary results indicate that the family transformation process in Lithuania is more complex than in North and West Europe, contradictory and has a paradoxical nature.

It was found that the individuals most eager to adopt new patterns of partnership formation form very selective groups, distinguishable by their social, economical and cultural characteristics. Kartu ir lyciu tyrimo standartines lenteles [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. Portraits de familles. Les temps sociaux [ BibTeX ]. Femmes et Hommes.

Articuler emploi et famille [ BibTeX ]. Entre maison, enfant s et travail : les diverses formes d'arrangement dans les couples [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. Abstract : In France, as in the rest of Europe, family trajectories have become increasingly diversified. How does childbearing fit into these more complex conjugal patterns? Although births in reconstituted families have been extensively studied in Europe, scant attention has been paid to differences in the constraints encountered by men and women when they form a second union. If only one of them is a parent, the probability of having a child does not differ significantly from that of a childless couple.

Dissolution of second and higher order unions in France. A comparison with first unions [ BibTeX ].

UNECE Database of Research using data from the Generations and Gender Programme

Comparison of dissolution risk by union order in France. The sensitivity to unobserved heterogeneity hypotheses [ BibTeX ]. Ni seuls, ni en couple. A study of living apart together in France] [ BibTeX ]. Abstract : Fertility behaviours vary widely within Europe. France, Germany and Italy represent three tendencies concerning childbearing: in France a high fertility level although a postponement of first conception, with a two-children ideal family size; in Germany a very low fertility level linked to a polarization of fertility behaviours zero or two children ; in Italy a low fertility level due to the very late entry into adulthood, and frequent one-child families.

The delay of fertility timing may constrain the childbearing strategies since unfecundability sharply increase in female age. In France, women in second unions accelerate childbearing in order to have children before they become sterile. Do we observe the same phenomenon for all the people who form a first union late?

Do people accelerate their childbearing as soon as they reach later ages? We expect country specific impact of sterility given their different first birth timing and social norms. Evidence from France [ BibTeX ]. Childbearing after separation: do second unions make up for earlier missing births? Abstract : A growing body of research documents the persistent relevance of religiosity for partnership and reproductive behaviour in Europe.

This study expands the current knowledge by analysing whole union and fertility trajectories — i. Using sequence analysis, respondents are first clustered around several template family life paths. Afterwards, the role of religiosity in following one rather than another path is ascertained with the help of multinomial logit regression.

Four aspects — affiliation, mass attendance, self-assessed religiosity and religious socialisation — are considered. Compared to their less religious peers, religious people are more likely to choose direct marriage rather than prior cohabitation. Permanent singlehood without children is equally widespread among both groups.

Differences in religiosity play a minor role in explaining why people have two or three children, once they have decided to enter premarital cohabitation or to marry directly. This study expands the current knowledge by analysing whole union and fertility trajectories—i. It is based on data from the first wave of the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey — and includes 1, women and men aged 40—45 years. Four aspects—affiliation, mass attendance, self-assessed religiosity, and religious socialization—are considered. Religious socialisation and fertility: transition to third birth in the Netherlands [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ].

Abstract : Although previous studies have demonstrated that religious people in Europe have larger families, the role played by religious socialisation in the context of contemporary fertility behaviour has not yet been analysed in detail. This contribution specifically looks at the interrelation between religious socialisation and current religiosity and their impact on the transition to the third child for Dutch women.

It is based on data of the first wave of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study — and uses event history analysis. The transitions to first, second and third birth are modelled jointly with a control for unobserved heterogeneity. A religious family background remains influential even when a woman has stopped attending church. The effects of religious indicators strengthen over cohorts. The relationship between coping, self-esteem and health on outdoor walking ability among older adults in Norway [ BibTeX ].

Overvekt og fedme blant eldre: Hva betyr helse-og friluftsverdier, personlig kontroll og fysisk aktivitet? Who has Greatest Expectations? On the links between employment, partnership quality, and the desire to have a first child. Abstract : We examine the impact of precarious work low income and job security satisfaction on the intention to have a first child.

We assume that a satisfactory partnership is positively associated with the intention to have a first child. The analyses are based on a subsample of the German Generations and Gender Survey. For men we found a direct effect of income and an indirect effect of job security satisfaction on childbearing intentions, whereas for women no direct and only a weak indirect impact of precarious work could be observed.

Abstract : This paper aims to shed light on the determinants of the female labor supply decisions in Georgia by applying collective labor supply model. In particular, the behavior of females in Georgian households is estimated on the basis of the discrete choice collective labor supply model. The findings of the study allows us to conclude that restrictions of the collective model are valid for describing female labor supply in Georgia and that the sharing rule is important predictor of female labor supply.

Abstract : This article aims to shed light on the determinants of household labor supply decisions in Georgia by applying collective labour supply model. The determinants of the household labour supply: a comparative study [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. Abstract : This paper aims to shed light on the determinants of household labor supply in Georgia by conducting comparative study and by applying the collective labor supply model.

On the basis of data from Generations and Gender Survey GGS the authors tested parametric restrictions imposed by two alternative unitary and collective household labor supply models on Georgian, French and Romanian data sets. Attitudes, norms and perceived behavioral control: explaining fertility intentions in Bulgaria [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. Abstract : In this article, we study fertility decision-making through timing parity-progression intentions. In , a sample survey containing a specially designed module was conducted. This module included an implementation of our framework, with a special attention to the links between normative pressure and the social network of respondents.

Results show that the three components are broadly predictive of fertility intentions. More specifically, attitudes are more relevant than norms for higher parities. Socio-economic, ideational, psychological and social capital-based factors are relevant background determinants. Testa M. The happiness commonality: fertility decisions in low-fertility settings [ BibTeX ]. Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp.


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Abstract : This study assesses the decline in second birth rates for men and women across different skill levels in transitional Russia. Changes within educational groups and occupational classes are observed over three distinct time periods: the Soviet era, economic crisis, and economic recovery. The most remarkable finding is the similarity in the extent second birth rates declined within educational groups and occupational classes during the economic crisis. Although further decline occurred in the recovery period, more variation emerged across groups. Abstract : This study revives the debate over the influence of social mobility on fertility and addresses whether omitted conditioning factors to this relationship contributed to the unresolved state of the literature.

We locate this study in Poland and Russia and compare relationships across the transition from communism and in different economic contexts. Theoretically, this study distinguishes between structural and individual determinants of mobility as well as status enhancement and relative economic status mechanisms. Applying event-history analysis techniques to longitudinal micro-data, we find strong evidence that fertility is related to mobility and that there are important conditioning factors; the mechanisms at work appear to be moderated by both the economic and institutional context.

Status enhancement aims link mobility to fertility for women and both economic context and weak institutional support for working mothers moderate this relationship. In contrast, the relative economic status effect appears for men in a context of economic growth. The relationship between mobility and fertility is therefore comprised of structural and individual components. Abstract : This study explores how the relationship between employment and the timing of parenthood changes under conditions of state socialism and a free market economy.

The transition to a market economy was accompanied by both greater employment insecurity and opportunities, which were distributed unevenly over the population. We focus on gender and nativity status as two stratifiers in the labor market. Men have postponed parenthood to a greater degree than women, and non-native origin women have postponed parenthood the least of all. Hazard models reveal that in the market economy, it is equally important for women and men to achieve their own security and tenure in the labor market before becoming parents.

Fertility in Germany. Which factors affect the decision about having a second child among German parents? Family background and residential choice [ BibTeX ]. Family background, individual resources and the homeownership of couples and singles. Abstract : Homeownership is influenced by resources, household context and characteristics of the family of origin. Using the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study, this paper investigates this influence and to what extent it differs between men and women in couples and between single men and women.

The results for couples show that the earning potential of the male partner, indicated by the level of education, is much more important to housing tenure than the earning potential of the female partner, whereas the impact of the current income is similar for both sexes.


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  7. Single women are less likely to be homeowners than single men. Moreover, the earning potential has a greater effect on homeownership for single men than for single women. Some evidence is also found for a greater effect of the father's socio-economic status on women's than on men's homeownership. Gender differences in the impact of family background on leaving the parental home. Abstract : We address the question to what extent characteristics of the family of origin influence the timing of leaving the parental home and to what extent these effects differ between men and women. We use data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study to examine the effects of parental resources, atmosphere in the family of origin and family structure on leaving home to live without a partner and leaving home to live with a partner.

    The results indicate that a pleasant atmosphere in the parental home decreases the risk of leaving home and living in stepfamilies or single-parent families increases this risk. The availability of parental resources leads to a decreased risk of leaving home at young ages, but an increased risk at later ages. Many of these effects are found for both men and women and for both pathways out of the home. Furthermore, we find evidence that women are affected more strongly by family background characteristics than men are. Helsevikt og pensjoneringsatferd.

    Blum, A.

    Einleitung

    Abstract : Diversity of partnership and parental trajectories are common in contemporary societies. In Hungarian demographic and family sociology research both quantitative and qualitative projects underlined that partnership trajectories have crucial relevance regarding the low fertility in Hungary.

    The analytical starting point of this paper differentiate between partnership trajectories and parenthood. The goal of the paper is the analysis in detail of changing partnership trajectories of youngsters in an East-Central European country after WW II, as well as specifying the added value of interpretation of sequence analysis data.

    Questions: 1 How has historically changed timing, sequencing and time duration of specific partnership statuses between age of 18 and 30 years? Hypotheses: Similarity patterns of partnership trajectories add some relevant aspects to the existing demographic knowledge of gender specific partnership formation during early adulthood.

    Main findings: Sequence analysis adds to the gender specific interpretation of young family life paths. Pluralism has historical roots, but the prevalence of various partnership trajectories is rather balanced at the end of the XX century. Generation, education level and parenthood have changing explanatory power regarding the odds of different typical partnership trajectories.

    The odds of some trajectories are weakly dependent on generations and are rather explained by education level or parenthood. Other trajectories are rather age group specific patterns. Retirement entitlements as a parent or spouse? Another way to get pension benefits is as a spouse or as a parent.

    This article has two objectives. Because of the limited information available, we introduced specific questions in the French part of the Gender and Generation Survey GGS. We use logit model, multinomial logit model and principal component analysis. Valeurs familiales et histoire maritale et familiale des grands-parents en France [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. Choosing between marriage and cohabitation: women's first union patterns in Hungary [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ]. Our results show that, while there is well defined tendency of the younger generations to choose cohabitation rather than marriage as a first union, the level of education, family history and ethnicity play an important role in taking this decision.

    We found that cohabitation is a replacement for marriage only for more mature women, while those who enter into cohabitation at young ages use it as a step toward marriage. Abstract : The Generations and Gender Surveys GGS conducted in both France and Russia have been analyzed from the perspective of the children in separated families. As a comparison of the family situations of children of various ages shows, the frequency of single-parent families is higher in Russia where these children are more likely to live in multi-generation households.

    The probability is increasing in both countries that the children born to couples living together whether married or not — and especially the children born during the s in Russia — will, before they come of age, see their parents separate. In both countries, the parents of the children most exposed to the risk of separation share some characteristics: their mother formed a couple at a young age, her partner has at least one other child or is older, or she did not spend her whole childhood with both her parents.

    In France, unlike in Russia, officially marrying and practicing religion even seldom are factors that significantly lower the risk of parents separating. Observer la situation et l'histoire familiale des enfants [ BibTeX ]. Abstract : This paper observes the change since the s in the proportion of men and women having only one child during their reproductive life, and examines their sociodemographic characteristics. The aim is to explore the significant variables of the complement of the parity progression ratio from first to second birth 1-A1.

    First, we present the theories, findings and results relating to the single-child family model in Europe. Then, we perform a multivariate analysis with the dependent variable of the model being the fact of not having had a second child ten years after the birth of a first child in stable unions. Situation et histoire familiale des enfants [ BibTeX ].

    Why do some men and women have only one child? After adjustment for age, sex, employment status, country of birth and living arrangements, we revealed a bias towards women with higher parities among the cohorts born until the mid- s. Since parity is an important aspect for fertility analyses, weights were generated for the female sample that additionally adjust for the cohort-specific parity distribution. In this paper, we describe the original prevailing bias and inform the GGS user about the adjustment with the weights for the Austrian GGS.

    Doing Science, forgoing childbearing? It analyses whether high childlessness and low numbers of children are intended or not. By looking additionally at employment conditions and partnership status, this study points to possible obstacles hindering couples to realise their childbearing desires. Furthermore, it shows how female scientists combine their academic career and childcare. It comprises women aged who work in different scientific fields in Austria. Female scientists aged have 0. However, these levels are far from the number of offspring that young scientists under the age of 35 intend to have.

    Several obstacles which impede childbearing were identified, e. As for the combination of work and family, female scientists return back to work quickly after they have a child. Most do not regard the family as the main caregiver but perceive a division of tasks between the family and the public as preferable. Fertility intentions of highly educated men and women and the rush hour of life [ BibTeX ]. Does nativity matter? Abstract : The Russian Federation has experienced simultaneous declines in health and rises in international migration. First, do the foreign-born in the Russian Federation exhibit better overall health than the native-born?

    Second, to the extent positive health selectivity exists, is it transferred to the second generation? Using the first wave of the Russian Generations and Gender Survey, our findings support the idea of positive health selection among international migrants from non-Slavic regions. The effect of migrant status, regardless of origin, diminishes when age, sex, and native language are taken into account. Life course stage in young adulthood and intergenerational congruence in family attitudes [ Abstract ] [ BibTeX ].

    Abstract : We investigated how intergenerational congruence in family-related attitudes depends on life course stage in young adulthood. Recent data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study were used; the present sample included 2, dyads of young adults and their parents.

    Findings are discussed in terms of the elasticity in intergenerational attitude congruence in response to young adults' life course transitions. Our results suggest that intergenerational congruence in attitudes about partnership e. Congruence concerning intergenerational obligations was not related to young adults' life course stage.

    Abstract : Despite the many differences that exist between Italy and Bulgaria, the two countries share with each other both one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe and very low levels of public support of the family. Consequently, in both countries informal supportive networks on the basis of family relationships and kinship have a strong tradition and a high relevance for getting things done. Our purpose is to understand how fertility intentions are formed in these two countries under the consideration that social support seems to be crucial for individuals to reach their fertility goals.

    Moreover, we aim at evaluating whether the embeddedness in supportive networks exert gender as well as parity-specific influences on fertility intentions. The paper focuses on comparisons of the characteristics of supportive networks in Italy and Bulgaria and their implications on fertility intentions. Mais en attendant, nous ne pouvons pas laisser tant de jeunes sur le bord de la route. Abstract : Demographic changes, such as continuing population ageing and decreasing fertility rates, are posing policy challenges to national governments in Europe and other developed countries.

    To meet these challenges, advances are required in the understanding of socio-demographic trends and of factors that influence these developments. Such undertakings need access to cross-country comparative individual data on demographic behaviour and to information on contextual political and socioeconomic conditions, in which this behaviour is embedded. However, for researchers it is often a tedious and time-consuming endeavour to compile cross-country comparative contextual data.

    Data has to be derived from different international and national databases and checked for reliability and comparability. Where cross-country comparable data for a specific indicator is not available, researchers need first to harmonize the available information before they can use it in their analyses. The Contextual Database CDB of the Generations and Gender Programme aims to support researchers by providing harmonized cross-country comparable data on demographic, socio-economic, and policy contexts for up to 60 countries in Europe, Asia, North America and Oceania.

    The CDB is an integral part of the Generations and Gender Programme GGP , which seeks to enhance the understanding of the development of fertility and family behaviour in Europe and beyond, and of the demographic, social, economic, and political factors that influence it. The CDB was developed to complement the individual-level data generated by the Generations and Gender Survey GGS , a national panel survey conducted in intervals of approximately three years.

    Part of the funding has been used to develop and extend the CDB into a comparative database with harmonized economic, demographic, social, and political indicators. The contextual data provided by the CDB is now suited for cross-country comparative multi-level analyses. In addition, the database is of value on its own, as it constitutes an important data source for macro-level trend analyses. Abstract : Demographic behaviour is shaped not only by characteristics at the individual level, but also by the context in which individuals are embedded. The Contextual Database of the Generations and Gender Programme GGP supports research on these micro-macro links by providing crosscountry comparative contextual data on demographic, socio-economic, and policy developments covering up to 60 countries in Europe, North America, Asia, and Oceania.

    This paper presents conceptual considerations and recent advances in the implementation of this database. Although conceptually linked to the Generations and Gender Survey, the GGP Contextual Database can also be used for the analysis of data from other surveys or to study macro-developments. With its unique combination of features, this database could serve as a model for the development of contextual databases linked to other surveys. These features include the provision of harmonised national and sub-national regional time series of indicators in a dynamic web environment with innovative functionalities, such as metadata documentation by single data entry and automatic geocoding.

    Die zentralen Fragen lauten, welche Rolle ethnisch-kulturellen bzw. Den theoretischen Hintergrund bilden Diskussionen um Transmissions- und Akkulturationsprozesse in der Migration. Sozialstrukturelle Merkmale sind von geringer Bedeutung. However, this analysis does not provide a quantitative framework and does not distinguish whether recuperation is a focalized process, mainly because each age-based fertility rate is itself the outcome of postponing and recuperation at the same time. In this study I propose breaking down total fertility into the age at first birth and the total fertility rate thereafter; this break down works for aggregated and individual indicators of fertility in a straightforward manner.

    I apply this framework to characterize the recuperation among European countries as the interplay between changes in the age at first birth and changes in the fertility rate thereafter. Using survey data, I found that recuperation is present only in West European Countries, and that birth cohorts where recuperation is first found are characterized by higher total fertility rates of old mothers meaning women that have a first birth at a late age. Old mothers, in fact, entirely explain the appearance of recuperation.

    Abstract : This paper investigates the educational attainment, employment and living conditions of young Roma adults in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania with the aid of national generations and gender surveys and other sources of information. It shows that in spite of a small improvement in the educational attainment of young Roma in comparison to the generation of their parents, the educational achievement and employment gaps have increased considerably during the post-communist period. The paper also compares living conditions of the Roma with other population groups.

    It concludes with a discussion of policy challenges. Le conseguenze microeconomiche delle riforme dei sistemi pensionistici nei paesi post-sovietici [ BibTeX ]. Les familles monoparentales vivent dans des conditions de logement plus difficiles et plus fragiles que les couples avec enfants. Photos de familles. Since , the annual number of vasectomies is higher that the number of tubal ligations. In France, contraceptive sterilization remains fairly rare, maybe partly because sterilization has only been authorized since July Abstract : In France and in Europe , contrary to Quebec and to North America , contraceptive sterilization remains fairly rare.

    On one hand, the analysis will allow to identify the role of the individual trajectories in the family behaviour, in particular in the choice of the moment to use contraceptive sterilization. On the other hand, it will allow to verify if contraceptive sterilization influences fertility decisions for a couple or an individual, and eventually fertility levels.

    Three types of statistical methods will be used: descriptive statistics, logistic regressions and event history analysis. Abstract : The structural changes over several generations in the formation of fami-lies with one or two children are studied in France, Lithuania and Russia. Data from the Generations and Gender Surveys about birth intentions of women and men with no children or one child at the time of the survey are analyzed, as well as factors affecting the desire to have a flrst or second child. As the findings show, the French more often express their fertili-ty intentions than Lithuanian or Russians, but differently depending on whether it is the flrst or second child.

    In all three countries however, most of the factors determining fertility intentions are similar. Synthesis and assessment of the documentation and the discussions [ BibTeX ]. Exploring Future. Research and Data Collection Options. Abstract : This study draws on national survey data from the United States of America USA and the Netherlands to compare family obligations and support behaviour for middle-generation adults who have a living aged parent and adult child.

    Consistent with a familialism by default hypothesis based on welfare state differences, the US sample espouses stronger family obligations than the Dutch sample. Yet, the Dutch respondents are more likely to engage in family support behaviours with both the younger and older generations, contrary to a family-steps-in hypothesis. The connection between family obligations and support behaviour is also tested, revealing a stronger association in the US sample, consistent with a family-steps-in hypothesis, but only in regard to relations with ageing parents.

    We conclude that Dutch respondents are more likely to act on their individual preferences whereas American respondents are more influenced by general norms of obligation towards family members. The findings are discussed in terms of social policy differences between the two countries, and in light of results from comparative European studies of intergenerational relations.

    How to balance generations. Solidarity dilemmas in a European perspective [ BibTeX ].

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    National differences are considerable for filial norms, but moderate for parental norms. Parental responsibility is relatively stronger in the North West, filial responsibility in the South East. Gomensoro, A. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 8: Jann, B. Experimentelle Evidenz. Jasso, G. Double standards in just earnings for male and female workers. Social Psychology Quarterly, 60, 66— Korber, M.

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