The bonds of friendship between Allen Joe and Bruce Lee offer every reader a powerful philosophy of living, innovating, and thriving. Allen Joe was the first Asian American to win the title of Mr. Northern California Bodybuilding Champion in He was one of Bruce Lee's closest friends and inspired Bruce to build up his body through proper training. Allen is a role model for the young martial artists, demonstrating not only physical skills but also the values of friendship, respect, and hard work.
Allen has continued to love and support Bruce's family over the decades since Bruce passed away. At ninety-two years of age, Allen still lifts weights and stays in good shape. After serving in World War II, Allen married his high school sweetheart, Annie, and they have been together for sixty-nine years.
Today, Allen serves on the board of the Bruce Lee Foundation. He is esteemed as an ambassador for the preservation of the legacy of his old friend Bruce. She is also a speaker and radio talk show host. David Satter. The Terminal Spy. Alan S. The Putin Mystique. Anna Arutunyan. Monumental Propaganda.
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In Santiago, thousands celebrated the 70th anniversary of the UDHR with a focus on women
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My Office also documented over a thousand airstrikes and ground-based strikes in , and numerous intolerable human rights violations and abuses by all parties to the conflict: Government forces, their allied militias, international actors, and armed opposition groups — among them, ISIL. It must be recalled how the massive violations committed by the Government of Syria and its local allies, beginning in , created the initial space in which extremist armed groups later flourished.
Remember the Shabeehah? Recent attempts to justify indiscriminate, brutal attacks on hundreds of thousands of civilians by the need to combat a few hundred fighters — as in Eastern Ghouta — are legally, and morally, unsustainable. Also, when you are prepared to kill your own people, lying is easy too. Claims by the Government of Syria that it is taking every measure to protect its civilian population are frankly ridiculous. This month, it is Eastern Ghouta which is, in the words of the Secretary General, hell on earth; next month or the month after, it will be somewhere else where people face an apocalypse — an apocalypse intended, planned and executed by individuals within the Government, apparently with the full backing of some of their foreign supporters.
It is urgent to reverse this catastrophic course, and to refer Syria to the International Criminal Court. Civilians suffer indiscriminate shelling and sniper attacks by Houthi and affiliated forces, as well as airstrikes conducted by the Saudi-led Coalition forces; these remain the leading cause of civilian casualties, including child casualties, in the conflict. I am particularly concerned about the hundreds of thousands of civilians trapped in the city of Taiz. The Council will receive a detailed update of my concerns on 21 March.
During my mission there in October I was alarmed by the near-complete lawlessness throughout the country, with almost total impunity for even the most serious crimes. I am also concerned about the excessive use of force against demonstrations in December and January for economic and social rights, as well as the subsequent deaths of a number of protestors held in custody. Widespread resentment at high levels of youth unemployment, inequality, lack of accountability of State institutions and the greater demand for rights should be addressed through dialogue and reforms.
Potential candidates have allegedly been pressured to withdraw, some through arrests. Legislation prevents candidates and supporters from organising rallies. Independent media have been silenced, with over media and NGO websites completely blocked. My Office continues to receive reports pointing to the ongoing targeting of human rights defenders, journalists, civil society activists and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, as well as reports of torture in detention.
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Egyptians have legitimate aspirations to live in a free, inclusive and democratic country, and I urge much greater respect for their fundamental freedoms and rights. It is essential that the Government take urgent action to ensure that due process and fair trial standards are implemented fully in domestic law — including the Anti-Terrorism law — and observed in practice.
I also remain concerned about reports of violations by forces linked to the Government; forced displacement of civilians; and the continuing unknown status of several hundred men and boys who disappeared in Saqlawiyah in June , after coming in contact with armed groups. I urge the Government to fully investigate these incidents, publish the findings, and hold those responsible to account.
In the coming days, my Office will issue a report on what has been a significant expansion of illegal settlements over the past year, despite Security Council Resolution We will also release a report on the dramatic deterioration of the situation in Gaza, where complete economic and institutional collapse grows ever more likely. I am also concerned that human rights defenders have been detained by both Israeli and Palestinian authorities, their movement is restricted and their funding is in jeopardy. As the Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights announced this week, following his mission to Bangladesh, my Office believes that ethnic cleansing is still underway in Rakhine State.
While the township of Maungdaw has been essentially emptied of its Rohingya community, people continue to flee to Bangladesh because of systematic — though lower-intensity — persecution and violence in other towns and villages. Victims have reported killings, rape, torture and abductions by the security forces and local militia, as well as apparently deliberate attempts to force the Rohingya to leave the area through starvation, with officials blocking their access to crops and food supplies. This Council is aware that my Office has strong suspicions that acts of genocide may have taken place in Rakhine State since August.
I am therefore not surprised by reports that Rohingya villages which were attacked in recent years, and alleged mass graves of the victims, are being bulldozed. This appears to be a deliberate attempt by the authorities to destroy potential evidence of international crimes. I have also received reports of the appropriation of land inhabited by Rohingya and their replacement by members of other ethnic groups. A recent announcement that seven soldiers and three police officers will be brought to justice for the alleged extra-judicial killing of ten Rohingya men is grossly insufficient. The Government must take steps towards real accountability for these violations, and must fully respect the rights of the Rohingya, including to citizenship.
While awaiting the final report of the Fact Finding Mission, I again recommend that this Council ask the General Assembly to establish a new independent and impartial mechanism to prepare and expedite criminal proceedings in courts against those responsible.
Any repatriation agreement should lay out a clear pathway to citizenship and put an end to the discrimination and violence inflicted on the Rohingya; these conditions are clearly not in place today. Access for independent human rights monitoring is practically non-existent across Myanmar, but it appears clear that longstanding discriminatory policies and practices also continue against other groups.
In Shan and Kachin states, civilian casualties continue to be reported as a result of attacks by the security forces. I am also alarmed by a dramatic erosion of freedom of the press; journalists have in recent months faced escalating intimidation, harassment, and death threats. Broadly-worded legal provisions have been used to silence civil society organizations, journalists and members and supporters of political parties. Since this Council last met, the Supreme Court has dissolved the principal opposition party, disenfranchising opposition voters.
I note and welcome recent improvements in social protection and the minimum wage, but I call on the Government to guarantee the political rights of the people, to respect the freedoms of expression, association and peaceful assembly, and to release human rights defenders and political actors. My Office continues to receive urgent appeals regarding arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, ill-treatment and discrimination, emanating from human rights defenders, lawyers, legislators, booksellers, and members of communities such as Tibetans and Uyghurs.
Many of these cases involve people struggling against economic, social and cultural injustices, such as cases of corruption; illegal seizure of land and forced evictions; destruction of cultural sites; constraints on religious practices and restrictions on use of local languages. The Government has a duty to uphold human rights and to engage with persons appointed by this Council. I am concerned by deepening repression and increasing threats to individuals and groups with independent or dissenting views, including opposition Senators, current and former public officials, the Commission on Human Rights, human rights defenders and journalists.
Several cases for impeachment or dismissal have been launched against members of the Supreme Court, the Office of the Ombudsman and other institutions representing democratic safeguards. Senator de Lima has now been arbitrarily detained for over a year, without clear charges. This authoritarian approach to governance threatens to irreparably damage 30 years of commendable efforts by the Philippines to strengthen the rule of law and respect for the human rights of the people. I urge more comprehensive implementation of the Outcome Document of the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem of , including its 15 operational recommendations on human rights and related issues.
The cross-cutting UNGASS approach constitutes a new and better linkage of the objective of drug-control — protection of the health and welfare of humanity — with the key priorities of the UN system, including the SDGs. I encourage the continuation of this structure for future UN drug policy debates. If Thailand is committed to transitioning to democratic rule through the general elections, it is imperative that restrictions on fundamental freedoms, including on political activities, be immediately lifted. I welcome the decision of the government to mainstream human rights in its development agenda, Thailand 4.
Not a single case of enforced disappearance or extrajudicial killing has been successfully prosecuted. Minorities remain vulnerable to violence and discrimination, and in several cases officials have reportedly incited hatred against minority religious groups. A Christian marriage law is also in development. I am concerned that criticism of government policies is frequently met by claims that it constitutes sedition or a threat to national security.
I am deeply concerned by efforts to limit critical voices through the cancellation or suspension of registration of thousands of NGOs, including groups advocating for human rights and even public health groups. With respect to Kashmir, on both sides of the Line of Control, regrettably unconditional access continues to be refused to my Office, and I will report on this issue at greater length in June.
The measure was followed by a wave of arrests, including of year-old former President Gayoom, Members of Parliament, and the Chief Justice. Moreover, this crisis could have drastic effect on the lucrative tourist sector. I urge the complete reversal of these recent measures. There should be no impunity, either for the incitement that led to the attacks, or the attacks themselves. I have repeatedly urged the Government to advance its implementation of the transitional justice agenda.
I regret the absence of meaningful progress. It is urgent for the sake of the victims that progress be made on accountability and transitional justice. In the absence of such progress I would encourage Member States to explore the use of universal jurisdiction. The Council will be fully briefed on 21 March.
I urge the authorities to address my concerns about increasing hostility towards religious and sexual minorities, which appears to be a recent and essentially foreign import to a traditionally tolerant nation. I am deeply concerned about sharply deteriorating economic and social conditions in a number of African States where conflicts and insecurity are escalating. Economic, social and cultural rights are also being undermined by climate change, which contributes to displacement of people from their land, as well as to conflicts between pastoralists and farmers, in particular across the Sahel and in Nigeria.
I welcome recent statements by the African Union Commission Chair, Moussa Faki Mahamat, who has emphasized the importance of human rights for the future of Africa and the need for leaders to fulfill the human rights demands of their people. I look forward to increasing partnership with the AU on numerous issues. Recent threats to my staff in Burundi are completely unacceptable, and I deeply regret the continued suspension of our cooperative assistance. The Council will be briefed on my concerns on 13 March.
Fighting continues unabated, irrespective of the signature of another ceasefire agreement in December. I am alarmed by the suffering of the civilian population, including the more than , people who remain in the UNSMISS Protection of Civilian sites, in a clearly unsustainable situation. I am deeply concerned about the plight of 2. Since January, my Office has received a new wave of reports of arrests and detentions of human rights defenders, political activists and journalists across the country, following demonstrations for economic and social rights.
Hope for national reconciliation continues to be undermined by violence committed by armed groups. I am glad to report that my Office is helping to put in place an appropriate human rights and international humanitarian law compliance framework, developed in the context of the implementation of UN Human Rights Due Diligence Policy.
Reported violations of human rights by the national security forces, including allegations of torture, arbitrary arrests and extra-judicial killings, are deeply counterproductive and undermine national cohesion. I urge that a comprehensive strategy be employed to address the root causes of insurgency and extremism, by eliminating conditions and inequalities which lead people to develop grievances.
The arrest, in Nigeria, of 47 Anglophone community leaders, and their extradition to Cameroon has reportedly led to renewed violence in the south-west and north-west of the country. Allegations of summary executions of civilians by members of the security forces have been reported, and are generating widespread resentment.
I regret that my Office has not been given access to verify these allegations. Acknowledging the complex challenges facing the authorities — including renewed displacement from the Central African Republic and the increase in Boko Haram attacks in the north — I urge the Government to make every effort to de-escalate the conflict in the Anglophone regions, and to allow unimpeded access to human rights monitors so that accurate information on the situation can inform constructive engagement on the way forward.
The Government is not creating an environment conducive to free or credible elections. The Council will be fully briefed on 20 March, and my Office will be releasing a detailed report in the coming days. There have also been incidents of harassment and arrest of leading opposition figures. I urge respect for the independence of the Kenyan judiciary and encourage the Government to implement the decisions of the courts.
It is essential that Kenya ensure accountability for the scores of human rights violations reported during the elections, including sexual violence and unlawful killings. The Government has also taken an increasingly repressive approach to important social issues, with arrests of LGBTI activists, growing attacks on the LGBTI community, and attacks and threats against people working to provide reproductive health-care.
I urge transparent and comprehensive investigations, and scrupulous respect for due process guarantees. I am concerned about the declaration of a second State of Emergency last month. Reforms can only be carried out successfully through truly inclusive dialogue and political processes. I urge the authorities to investigate and prosecute those responsible for recent killings in the country, and I reiterate my request for access to affected regions.
It is also time to open civic and democratic space in the country, allowing all citizens to participate, associate and express their opinions freely. My Office is discussing with the Government the need for a genuinely independent and effective national commission of inquiry on allegations of serious violations since , as repeatedly recommended by our assessment and follow-up missions. Eritrea will be the subject of an interactive dialogue on 12 March and an oral update on 14 March. My Office has received credible reports of arbitrary mass dismissals; arbitrary closure of civil society organizations; arbitrary detention of people arrested on broad allegations of links to terrorist organizations; torture in detention; restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of movement; arbitrary expropriation of private property; and collective punishment targeting family members of individuals suspected of offences.
Given these deepening concerns, we will be releasing a detailed report in the coming days on the human rights situation in the context of the state of emergency, including an update on the situation in the southeast. Over two-thirds of the national Parliaments in European Union countries now include political parties with extreme positions against migrants, and in some cases, Muslims and other minority communities. I emphasise that measures which in effect externalise the borders of the European Union put the human rights of migrants at risk, by subcontracting their protection to States with often fewer resources.
The EU and its members need to review the approach they are taking in the Mediterranean, to ensure that they are not indirectly supporting the return of migrants to Libya, where they face a real risk of torture, sexual violence and other serious violations.
Allen Joe's Life and Friendship With Bruce Lee
I also call on the EU to adopt a human rights due diligence approach to their support to any Libyan authorities. I also deplore newly proposed laws which would further restrict the work of civil society organizations. The most recent proposals would require Interior Ministry authorisation for any civil society group that seeks to help migrants, including advocacy, food, shelter or even simply giving out information materials, and impose punitive taxes on their funding from abroad.
The impact of anti-Roma hostility is also evident: according to EU data, discrimination against Roma in employment and health worsened in the period between and , while segregation in education remained entrenched. Plans to establish a task force to strengthen efforts to tackle hate speech and xenophobia are welcome, and I emphasise the need for it to include the participation of independent civil society voices.
I join calls for remedy and compensation of the thousands of women — most of them Roma, along with others including women with disabilities — who were forcibly sterilised from the s to I also urge an immediate end to the programme of surgical castration of convicted sex offenders. I call on the authorities to conduct prompt and impartial investigations and to ensure the perpetrators are held to account.
I remind the authorities that pre-trial detention should be considered a measure of last resort. I encourage resolution of this situation through political dialogue. Malnutrition has increased dramatically throughout the country, affecting in particular children and the elderly, and credible reports indicate that government assistance programmes are often conditioned on political considerations. I am also deeply alarmed by the possibility that crimes against humanity have been committed, and by the erosion of democratic institutions.
The fundamental principle of separation of powers has been severely compromised, as the National Constituent Assembly continues to concentrate unrestricted powers. Two main opposition parties have been disqualified by the Electoral Council, and the official opposition coalition has been invalidated by the Supreme Court.
Freedom of expression, opinion, association and peaceful assembly are being repressed and severely restricted. My Office has also received credible reports of hundreds of extra-judicial killings in recent years, both during protests and security operations. I am seriously concerned that this context does not in any way fulfill minimal conditions for free and credible elections. I am deeply disturbed by the growing exodus of Venezuelans from their country, many of them in search of access to food and basic services.
Once again, I encourage the Council to consider mandating a Commission of Inquiry to investigate human rights violations in Venezuela. I welcome the entry into force of new laws against torture, in June , and against enforced disappearances, in January I look forward to assisting the authorities to ensure their prompt and effective implementation, with full participation of civil society and victims. I am concerned that the systematic detention of migrants and their expedited return has become the general rule, seriously undermining due process guarantees and protection from refoulement.
In the coming days, I will issue a report on elements of the investigation into the disappearance of 43 students in the town of Iguala more than three years ago. The armed forces are not specialized in public security or investigation. I deplore calls by high-ranking army officials for measures amounting in effect to a preventive amnesty for any troops who may commit human rights violations. I acknowledge the creation of a Human Rights Observatory last week to monitor military actions during the intervention, and I emphasize the importance of civil society participation in this body.
My Office will release a report in the coming days detailing excessive use of force and mass arrests in response to protests which took place following the November elections, and the Council will be briefed on 21 March. My Office will update the Council on these and other concerns on 21 March. Detentions and deportations of long-standing and law-abiding migrants have sharply increased, tearing families apart and creating enormous hardship.
In addition, the US Government has terminated the Central American Minors Refugee and Parole Programme, which offered adolescents and children a lifeline to safety, and put an end to Temporary Protected Status for hundreds of thousands of people. I deplore the continuing uncertainty about beneficiaries of the DACA programme. I am also concerned about the US decision to revoke the planned closure of the detention centre at Guantanamo Bay. Indefinite incarceration in this facility, without trial and in frequently inhumane conditions, constitutes a breach of international law.
I am also concerned about proposals that could drastically reduce social protections, particularly in the light of the concerns expressed by the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, following his visit to the US in December. The Council will be briefed in greater detail on 21 March.
I encourage the nomination of an independent and qualified new Attorney General. The Council will be briefed on 21 March on these and other concerns. I note that he may now be tried for his alleged role in the death-squad murders of six farmers. During my mission in October I urged the authorities to strengthen accountability for crimes against women, and to ensure effective implementation of the law on consultation with indigenous peoples.
I trust we will see progress regarding violence against women and the very difficult conditions for adolescents in detention. Moves to disband or restructure police units which have been accused of extra-judicial killings do not replace the need to hold perpetrators to account. The situation of women and girls in the country continues to be deeply troubling, with rates of murder and violence against women among the highest in the region, and frequently committed with impunity. Many say they in fact suffered miscarriages or other obstetric emergencies — and all of those currently detained happen to be poor.
Time and again, it is always the poor everywhere who, having no access to strong legal counsel, no family connections, no money with which to travel outside the country, suffer terribly — always, always the poor. One young woman, whom I met in detention, was recently released following the commutation of her year jail sentence. However, she has not been declared innocent, and has received no reparations for the more than 10 years that she has spent in jail.
And when many in the country want to raise the penalty beyond 30 years, to 50 years, it brought home to me how cruel we humans can be, and the unchallengeable need for human rights. I do not mind telling Council members: all of us who heard the testimony of the young women at the Ilopango detention centre wept, openly, with them.
El Salvador should halt further application of this poorly conceived legislation, and immediately review all cases where women have been detained for abortion-related offences. In countries across every region, women are suffering from increasingly regressive legislation, threats against activists and a renewed obsession with controlling their decisions. In the past year, a new movement for justice has risen up to combat the abuse and sexual exploitation of women: the MeToo movement, an expression of solidarity and a force for dignity that is much needed, including in the wealthiest societies.
Wherever I have travelled I have been privileged to meet women who defy restrictions on their freedom. I commend the many civil society movements fighting for decency and respect for human rights, including the rights of indigenous people facing unprincipled and lawless business activities; for LGBTI people whose Governments do not ensure their equal rights or protect them adequately from violent assault; and the rights of Afrodescendants, Roma and other ethnic, religious or caste-based communities which frequently endure discrimination.
In this 70th year of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, they are standing up for the fundamental principles which will bring a better future to all our children. I am deeply grateful for the surge of hope they bring. It is no longer just about individuals, it is about society. It is the system of the concentration of power and domination that is being challenged. The experts said the question being asked now is no longer whether to believe the woman, but rather what is wrong with our society.
It happens in the family. It is truly a universal plague. With the advent of this movement, the experts said the shame and fear is starting to shift from the victims to the side of abusers and perpetrators of sexual violence, who have to face the consequences of their unacceptable behaviour in many cases and criminal acts in others. They said the existence of law and policy in combating sexual harassment and other forms of sexual violence was important but not sufficient.
B-roll footage will be made available at Geneva time on Wednesday, 7 March Knox, said on Monday. At the same time, the exercise of other freedoms, including the rights to information, participation and remedy, is vital to the protection of the environment. Knox emphasized that while the right to a healthy environment had been recognized in regional agreements and in most national constitutions, it has not been adopted in a human rights agreement of global application.
The Council should consider supporting the recognition of this right in a global instrument. John H. The Council requested him, a professor of international law at Wake Forest University in the United States, to clarify the application of human rights norms to environmental protection, and to identify best practices in the use of human rights obligations in environmental policy-making. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world.
They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work. Tag and share! Among the places the SPT delegation is due to visit are prisons, police stations, psychiatric institutions, and correctional centers for women and juveniles. The delegation will meet State officials, and United Nations and civil society representatives. They will also hold discussions with the NPM to evaluate their situation and working methods. Our aim is to ensure that they are treated with dignity and respect and are free from any violence.
At the end of the visit, the delegation will present its confidential preliminary observations to the Government as well as to the NPM. During the event, the OHCHR offices and IACHR agreed to continue their coordinated work in order to assist States to guarantee a safe and enabling environment for the full exercise and free defence of human rights in the region.
They also produced concrete proposals for in five priority areas: joint studies; monitoring and protection; incidence; promotion; and technical assistance. The Joint Actions Mechanism is an initiative by OHCHR and IACHR seeking to intensify its coordinated work in favour of human rights defenders, drawing on their complementary strengths and creating stronger connections between their staff.
Since the launch of the Mechanism, both entities have carried out joint actions such as increasing the exchange of information and analysis, issuing joint statements on situations of mutual concern and a public consultation about the Mechanism itself, which took place on 5 December in Washington, D. He said States are failing to address these concerns. Today, such images continue to emerge, deeply shocking our conscience. According to the study, defenders face obstacles to their work mainly stemming from restrictions to access people on the move, criminalization and stigmatization, and threats by non-State actors, such as organized crime or State-outsourced entities providing services to people on the move.
Michel Forst has extensive experience on human rights issues and particularly on the situation of human rights defenders. At the invitation of the government, the expert carried out a mission in Chile from 20 to 28 April Presenting her report on Chile , Ms. During her speech, Ms.
In addition to her report on Chile, the expert also presented a thematic report on housing strategies based on human rights. The instrumental role that human rights can and must play in designing and implementing economic reforms has not been effectively incorporated. These measures have also weakened democratic institutions and can lead to insecurity, conflict and violence.
Bohoslavsky has embarked on a year-long project to develop guiding principles for States and other relevant parties to assess economic reform policies from a human rights perspective, and to learn from past and present mistakes. Preliminary aspects of these principles are outlined in the report presented today, and aim at triggering discussion and broad participation. Bohoslavsky underlined. He is independent of any government or organization and serves in his individual capacity. During the event, participants discussed national follow-up actions to the recommendations received by the country during the third cycle of the Universal Periodic Review UPR.
The event occurred within the framework of the celebrations for the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights , which will be marked on 10 December. Xavier Mena, participated in the activity, alongside with several governmental authorities, lawmakers and members of the judiciary, as well as representatives of civil society groups. At the event, Mr. In addition, he invited attendees to join the campaign promoted by the OHCHR-South America throughout the year calling on all people to stand up for human rights.
Participants also debated about implementation and monitoring measures at the municipal, state and national levels of the over recommendations received by the country in the latest UPR. Several civil society organizations also referred to human rights concerns in the country and to follow-up mechanisms for the UPR recommendations. In this context, representatives of Paraguay and Uruguay announced their follow-up and implementation mechanisms of the recommendations of international human rights mechanism and shared best practices in this regard.
The event was attended by the Attorney General of Brazil, Ms. Deborah Duprat; the Minister of Human Rights a. Alexandre Ghisleni. We insist on its full implementation without delay. However, we have every reason to remain cautious, as airstrikes on eastern Ghouta continue this morning. Resolution must be viewed against a backdrop of seven years of failure to stop the violence: seven years of unremitting and frightful mass killing. Eastern Ghouta, the other besieged areas in Syria; Ituri and the Kasais in the DRC; Taiz in Yemen; Burundi; Northern Rakhine in Myanmar have become some of the most prolific slaughterhouses of humans in recent times, because not enough was done, early and collectively, to prevent the rising horrors.
Time and again, my office and I have brought to the attention of the international community violations of human rights which should have served as a trigger for preventive action. Time and again, there has been minimal action. And given this is my last address as High Commissioner at the opening of a March session, I wish to be blunt. Second to those who are criminally responsible — those who kill and those who maim — the responsibility for the continuation of so much pain lies with the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.
So long as the veto is used by them to block any unity of action, when it is needed the most, when it could reduce the extreme suffering of innocent people, then it is they — the permanent members — who must answer before the victims. France has shown commendable leadership among the P5 in championing a code of conduct on the use of veto; the United Kingdom has also joined the initiative, now backed by over countries. It is time, for the love of mercy, that China, Russia and the United States, join them and end the pernicious use of the veto.
A few miles away, at CERN, physicists try to understand what our planet, and the universe or universes, are made of. What matter is, at the most basic level, and how it all fits together. To understand the physical world, we humans have long realised we must tunnel deeply, beyond molecular biology and geology; and go to those sub-atomic spaces for answers. Why do we not do the same when it comes to understanding the human world?
Why, when examining the political and economic forces at work today, do we not zoom in more deeply? How can it be so hard to grasp that to understand states and societies — their health and ills; why they survive; why they collapse — we must scrutinize at the level of the individual: individual human beings and their rights.
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