Appalachian bogs are boreal ecosystems , which occur in many places in the Appalachians, particularly the Allegheny and Blue Ridge subranges. Animals that characterize the Appalachian forests include five species of tree squirrels. The most commonly seen is the low to moderate elevation eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis.
Occupying similar habitat is the slightly larger fox squirrel Sciurus niger and the much smaller southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans. More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus , whereas the Appalachian northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus , which closely resembles the southern flying squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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As familiar as squirrels are the eastern cottontail rabbit Silvilagus floridanus and the white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus. The latter in particular has greatly increased in abundance as a result of the extirpation of the eastern wolf Canis lupus lycaon and the cougar. This has led to the overgrazing and browsing of many plants of the Appalachian forests, as well as destruction of agricultural crops. Other deer include the moose Alces alces , found only in the north, and the elk Cervus canadensis , which, although once extirpated , is now making a comeback, through transplantation, in the southern and central Appalachians.
Lawrence River. An additional species that is common in the north but extends its range southward at high elevations to Virginia and West Virginia is the varying of snowshoe hare Lepus americanus. However, these central Appalachian populations are scattered and very small. Another species of great interest is the beaver Castor canadensis , which is showing a great resurgence in numbers after its near extirpation for its pelt. This resurgence is bringing about a drastic alteration in habitat through the construction of dams and other structures throughout the mountains.
Other common forest animals are the black bear Ursus americanus , striped skunk Mephitis mephitis , raccoon Procyon lotor , woodchuck Marmota monax , bobcat Lynx rufus , gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus , red fox Vulpes vulpes and in recent years, the coyote Canis latrans , another species favored by the advent of Europeans and the extirpation of eastern and red wolves. European boars were introduced in the early 20th century. Characteristic birds of the forest are wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo silvestris , ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus , mourning dove Zenaida macroura , common raven Corvus corax , wood duck Aix sponsa , great horned owl Bubo virginianus , barred owl Strix varia , screech owl Megascops asio , red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis , red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus , and northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis , as well as a great variety of "songbirds" Passeriformes , like the warblers in particular.
Of great importance are the many species of salamanders and, in particular, the lungless species Family Plethodontidae that live in great abundance concealed by leaves and debris, on the forest floor. Most frequently seen, however, is the eastern or red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens , whose terrestrial eft form is often encountered on the open, dry forest floor.
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It has been estimated that salamanders represent the largest class of animal biomass in the Appalachian forests. Frogs and toads are of lesser diversity and abundance, but the wood frog Rana sylvatica is, like the eft, commonly encountered on the dry forest floor, while a number of species of small frogs, such as spring peepers Pseudacris crucifer , enliven the forest with their calls.
Salamanders and other amphibians contribute greatly to nutrient cycling through their consumption of small life forms on the forest floor and in aquatic habitats.
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Although reptiles are less abundant and diverse than amphibians, a number of snakes are conspicuous members of the fauna. One of the largest is the non-venomous black rat snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta , while the common garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis is among the smallest but most abundant. The American copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix and the timber rattler Crotalus horridus are venomous pit vipers. The most common turtle is the eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina carolina , which is found in both upland and lowland forests in the central and southern Appalachians.
Prominent among aquatic species is the large common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina , which occurs throughout the Appalachians. Appalachian streams are notable for their highly diverse freshwater fish life. Among the most abundant and diverse are those of the minnow family family Cyprinidae , while species of the colorful darters Percina spp. A characteristic fish of shaded, cool Appalachian forest streams is the wild brook or speckled trout Salvelinus fontinalis , which is much sought after as a game fish.
However, in past years such trout waters have been much degraded by increasing temperatures due to timber cutting, pollution from various sources and potentially, global warming. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Appalachian. See also: List of mountains of the Appalachians. Main article: Geology of the Appalachians. Archived from the original on June 4, Retrieved November 6, Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18th ed.
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Cambridge University Press. Retrieved April 4, Archived from the original on January 17, Geological Survey.
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Archived from the original on December 5, Retrieved December 6, Archived from the original on December 12, Retrieved December 7, Archived from the original on December 6, Retrieved December 27, Fulcrum Publishing. New York: Random House. Names on the Land. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. The Encyclopedia of Appalachia Knoxville, Tenn. Random House Dictionary, online at Dictionary. Retrieved May 15, In Chisholm, Hugh ed. Global Plate Tectonics and Paleogeography. Northern Arizona University. Archived from the original on June 21, Retrieved July 4, Retrieved July 19, Wylie; Sevon, William D.
September Often delineated by a blue line on maps, the Adirondack Park's 6 million acres of private and state-owned land is easily found on any map of New York State. Explore cultural exhibits, events, and activities at Adirondack Experience, the 1 rated museum in the Adirondacks! Whether it's your first time visiting or your thousandth - the beauty of the Adirondack Mountains will take your breath away. The Adirondack Park.
Sleeping Beauty Mt. The Adirondack Park Forest Preserve Verplanck Colvin, a lawyer, author, illustrator and topographical engineer, was the original surveyor of the Adirondack Park. Is the Adirondack Park a National Park? The Blue Line When the first maps of the Adirondack Park in Northern New York were made by cartographers, blue ink was used to delineate the park's boundaries - a choice that has led many to refer to the Adirondack Park as being within the "blue line.
Wildlife Viewing Old-growth and second generation forests in the Adirondacks are home to a multitude of wildlife and birds. Featured Listing. Learn More. Real Adirondack Stories. A place that touches so many heartstrings and moves so many. The Adirondack Park truly is a unique and special place. Official Trailer. Fall Scenes In The Adirondacks. Autumn in the Adirondacks means one thing - nature takes its magnificent landscape up a notch!
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From the endless canoeing and kayaking in the Saranac Lake and Tupper Lake regions, to the extensive hiking trails of the High Peaks Wilderness in the Lake Placid Region - discover an area as diverse in geography as it is in activities and events. Bicycle between wineries on the Adirondack Coast, or dive to sunken shipwrecks in the Adirondack Seaway near the Canadian Border. You're invited to explore the Lake George Region's family-friendly attractions and discover the Adirondack Tug Hill Plateau's one-of-a-kind recreation opportunities. To Explore Choose a Region. For great barbecue, hit up Smoke Signals, also on Main.
And to truly dive into the local craft beer scene, head to Big Slide Brewery, where I tried a flight of local favorites ranging from a rich, chocolatey porter to a refreshingly fruity IPA, and tucked into a fantastic steak. Ready to unplug for real? Great Camp Sagamore greatcampsagamore.
After enjoying the quiet, back-to-nature vibe at Camp Sagamore, head up the road about a half hour to the town of Blue Mountain Lake, where the Adirondack Experience theadkx. As the name suggests, the museum and its grounds are dedicated to all things Adirondack, from the natural world to history and culture, with incredible hands-on exhibits that are truly state-of-the-art and guaranteed to please kids and adults alike.
Anywhere we went in the Adirondacks, whenever we mentioned that we had reservations at the Hoot Owl Lodge thehootowllodge. A classic bed-and-breakfast complete with homemade chocolate chip cookies to welcome guests, gorgeous bedrooms, and owners who make you feel at home, the Hoot Owl Lodge and the cottage down the road, which can also be booked , is your base of operations in the Newcomb area, where upscale style meets down-home comfort. Head to Cloud-Splitter Outfitters cloudsplitteroutfitters. Local tip: Cloud-Splitter also doubles as a small grocery store, offering local cheeses and other staples, and the reason this tip is vital is because the nearest market is a good minute drive away.
Head to Westport, about an hour away, for a first-rate live production at the Depot Theater depottheatre. Fort Ticonderoga fortticonderoga. This is a search menu. By typing in the search input you can query all of the articles available on the site and get instant and relevant results from the first keystroke. You can close the search menu by hitting the esc key once if the search input is empty.
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