She wrote her first song at the age of 8 and signed her first record deal at After her first two albums flopped, Shakira took the reins of her third album, becoming involved in every aspect of its production. Released in , Pies Descalzos , meaning "bare feet," sold more than 3 million copies.
The album featured her trademark sound, a blend of Latin, rock and Arabic musical styles. With the success of her albums, Shakira became a music superstar in the Spanish-language markets, known for her strong vocals and incredible hip-shaking belly dance moves. While hugely popular throughout much of the rest of the world, Shakira had not yet achieved a major record on the U. In an attempt to increase her American fan base, in , at the age of 20, the singer moved with her family to Miami, Florida, and taught herself to write songs in English.
In , Shakira released her first English-language album, Laundry Service , which quickly brought her the success in the United States she had been waiting for. The album reached No. Shakira returned to the Top 10 of the albums chart twice in Touring extensively, Shakira went on to release two concert albums: 's Live and 's Oral Fixation Tour.
In July , she put out a new single, "She Wolf," from her studio album of the same name. The album hit No. Shortly thereafter, the now-global superstar headed on tour to promote her album. By January , the video for "Waka Waka" had been viewed more than a billion times. By , Shakira's U. She is the highest-selling Colombian artist of all time, and the second most successful female Latin singer after Gloria Estefan. In March , Shakira released a self-titled studio album. The album includes a song with Voice co-star and country singer Blake Shelton.
Shakira quickly became popular with TV audiences. Meanwhile, the Latin superstar continued working on her music. In October , she dropped a new single, "Chantaje," from her upcoming album, El Dorado. Upon its May release, El Dorado revealed a tracklist comprised almost entirely of songs sung in Spanish.
True to form, the album went multi-platinum for the Latin singer, who announced plans for a tour in June. The author, publisher and page information is concluded with a short description of the actual content or quality of the source used. If you ask a question of how to do a bibliography correctly, you should start with the following simple thing which is the most important.
In order to gather all of the information necessary to draft a bibliography, you should keep a list of EVERY book, website, magazine or periodical that you read in preparation for your paper. Eventually, this list will comprise your bibliography. While you are writing down or even photocopying the information for your source material, remember to include:. The information that you need to create your bibliography will not always be easy to find.
Depending on the type of source material you are using, you might have to do some investigative work to gather everything you need. If you are not sure where to look, try here:. The type of bibliography you create will depend largely on the type of citation or writing style that you are following. The two are similar in many ways, but there are some major differences as well.
Here is a chart explaining the differences between the two styles that are important when you have to choose between APA or MLA as a whole, and not just specifically as they relate to bibliographies. However, before pressing forward, here is a handy checklist that you can use to make sure that you are gathering all of the information needed to create a bibliography, and that a great one! In the proceeding pages, you will find detailed information regarding how to properly write and format the bibliographical sources based on the specifics of the source material.
Ie: Is there more than one author? Did the material come from a blog? Did the source material have multiple editors? Note: In order to develop a strong bibliography, you should have answered yes to all of these questions.
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Please note that all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short, single rather than double space is used here. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. A single space is used after any punctuation mark.
When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put a hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified.
If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7. Bell, Stewart. Mississauga, ON: Wiley, Bowker, Michael. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Vercelli: White Star, Cross, Charles R. New York: Hyperion, Lisse: Rebo, Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W.
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- Isaac Asimov.
- Theme-based dictionary British English-Spanish - 7000 words (British English Collection);
New York: Simon, If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Bohlman, Herbert M. Cincinnati, OH: West, Bolman, Lee G. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. New York: Rizzoli, Cohen, Andrew, and J.
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- Haiku (Piano Part).
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Granatstein, eds. Toronto: Random, Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. Toronto: Harper, Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington Square, Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special Forces. New York: Putnam, The Power of Focus for College Students. Larsson, Mans O. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. New York: St.
Palmer, R. A History of the Modern World: To New York: Knopf, Vancouver: Greystone, Nelson, Miriam E. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis. New York: Perigee, Hogan, David J. Lincolnwood, IL: International, Pound, Richard W. Canadian Facts and Dates.
Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Advanced Level ESL. McClay, John B. Matthews, comps. New York: Barnes, Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival. Teresa, Mother. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, Toronto: Key, Photographs of Herbert Ponting.
New York: BCL, Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, Fox, Charles James. Waller R. New York: Harper, Wilcox, Robert K. If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers.
If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Midge, T. New York: Cavendish, For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e. Note also that there is no period after the month. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated.
If the publication date is July 18, , citation will be 18 July Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e. Daily Telegraph [London].
Square brackets are used to enclose a word or words not found in the original but added by you. Nielsen, Laura Beth. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end. Bogomolny, Laura. Cave, Andrew. Cohen, Stephen S. Bradford DeLong. Coleman, Isobel.
Dareini, Ali Akbar. Hewitt, Ben. Johnson, Linda A. Mather, Victoria. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. Petroski, Henry. Sachs, Jeffrey D. Saletan, William. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Eleanor Goldstein. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Zimmer, Henry B. Calgary, AB: Springbank, May use short forms: Rev.
Review , Ed. Edition, Editor, or Edited , Comp. Compiled, Compiler. Creager, Angela N. Dillon, Brenda. Foley, Margaret. Groskop, Viv. Hoffman, Michael J. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, , Iragui, Vicente. Narinder Kapur. Neier, Aryeh. Onstad, Katrina. Julie Taymor. Redekop, Magdalene. Simic, Charles. Montreal: Tele-Direct, Landler, Mark. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?
When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. Canadian ed. Short forms may be used, e. You may add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Johnny Depp.
Warner, Depp, Johnny, perf. Burton, Tim, dir. Robert Luketic. Anya Kochoff. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, Nanny McPhee.
Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna Brand. Universal, One Hour Photo. Mark Romanek.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, James Cameron. Jon Landau. Twentieth Century Fox and Paramount, The Tuxedo. Kevin Donovan. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. United States. National Council on Disability. Washington: GPO, PL Congressional Record.
Washington: GPO, July 31, Cite simply as: Cong. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5. Internet citation for an article from an online database e. SIRS, eLibrary , study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated.
Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc. Internet citation for an e-mail email from an individual, a listserver, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site.
Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e. Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e. Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL.
Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. SIRS, eLibrary , study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated:.
Bezlova, Antoaneta. Clifford, Erin. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, Marshall, Leon. Thomason, Larisa. If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e. Gearan, Anne. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in the source.
Pahl, Greg. Mother Earth News. Note: If you are citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia:.
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