With her brother on the throne of England and herself on the throne of Scotland Margaret is to ensure a Perpetual Peace between the two endlessly warring countries — a strategy far more easily planned than enacted. Mary Boleyn was a great find and this novel has given rise to three biographies about her, and established her as a historical character instead of being the sister that nobody knew about. An attractive and charismatic king, Henry quickly created a grand and fashionable court, full of celebration and pleasure.
When Katherine cannot give him the son that he needs and his lover's sister Anne Boleyn arrives at court, he decides to take action that will change England and its religion forever. It was set in County Durham and Morach's cottage was my home for three years. I frightened myself in the writing of it so much that I could only write during daylight hours.
But I think it is more than a scary book — I think it is also a consideration of how a woman is to be, and who should be her mentors. Keen to reinforce his position as the new head of the Church and to take advantage of the wealth of the Catholic Church, Henry began the Dissolution — the raiding and wrecking of all of the Catholic convents and monasteries in England.
In this time of religious tensions and instability, belief in witchcraft and the supernatural began to spread throughout the country, causing increasing concern.
As a result, King Henry decides to introduce an Act of Parliament making witchcraft punishable by death — and making England a much more dangerous place for a young woman without wealth or family. What a world I stepped into! My Anne of Cleves, unlike the cliche of the fat Flanders mare, is a pretty courageous energetic survivor, and my Katherine Howard is not a 'slut' as a modern historian has called her but a young girl foolish and vain as young girls sometimes are, but dangerously ill advised and married more or less against her best interests to the most dangerous man in England.
I tackle the enigma of Jane Rochford in this novel too. Nobody knows for sure why she would be complicit in the execution of two queens of England - I suggest madness, but readers must make up their own minds. King Henry needed more sons to secure his line and safeguard the House of Tudor, he looked overseas for this next bride and picked Anne of Cleves but would soon be side-tracked by the young, vivacious Katherine Howard.
The title for this book had to reflect my real admiration for the heroine, and also the challenge she faced — not just to survive, but also to retain her courage and her power and her vision. This is so extraordinary I don't know why we aren't all taught her in schools. But what to call her fictionalised biography? Of course, I knew that she had to silence her voice and keep her writing secret during the months that Henry suspected her, and so I wanted something that would acknowledge his power over her. This is not trivial or romantic — this is tyranny to a murderous degree.
And I wanted something which put her in the bitter context of all the other women who are silenced. In this way, Kateryn speaks for all who have not been allowed an education, or to speak, or to write. Then I learned that Nicholas Udall, the playwright, had possibly premiered a play before her called 'Ralph Roister Doister' — a play about a household of women with a woman head and their spirited and violent defence against an aggressive bullying man.
Borrowed by Shakespeare and skewed towards male power this became 'The Taming of the Shrew' — the story of a powerful furious woman who submits to an aggressive bullying man. Only months after the king sentenced his fifth wife to death, he was looking for his sixth, and chose the recently-widowed, thirty-year-old Kateryn Parr, who was planning to marry the handsome bachelor Thomas Seymour.
As soon as the king showed his interest in the beautiful widow she had to serve the interests of her family and agree to marry him, become Queen of England and stepmother to his children, and rule England in his absence. I knew of Jane before I started research but I knew next to nothing about her sisters and it was a lucky guess that there was more behind the sentimental portrait of Jane that took me to the stories of the three of them.
I struggled for a title until I had finished the book and then I chose this ambiguous one. Mary is the last Tudor of the Brandon branch — a fascinating and unknown character to end such a famous line — but Elizabeth is the last ruling Tudor, the throne inherited by a Stuart. But her rivalry and paranoia was too much for her. The stories of the Grey girls show the enterprise and courage of young Elizabethan women who defied two queens, to make their own lives. This is the darkest portrait I have ever seen of Elizabeth — I have responded only to the facts of her treatment of her cousins, who as kinswomen and heirs should have been under her protection but found themselves at the centre of her fears.
The country is ruled by a council of men who jostled for control of the young king. Edward has no male heir, and does not favour his two half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth. When I was writing the novel it was widely accepted that she had broken her neck as a result of a fall. It seemed to me that murder was a far more likely cause, and you can read the novel to see who I suspect. It was very exciting when, long after publication, the original documents of her inquest were found showing that she died from blows to the head made by a weapon. Amy Dudley was indeed murdered, but we still don't know who was the murderer.
Just nine days after she was crowned, Edward's sister Princess Mary had raised supporters and persuaded the Privy Council to switch their allegiance - declaring her the rightful queen and imprisoning Jane. Queen Mary began to reverse the Protestant reformation of her father, restoring Roman Catholic bishops and persecuting Protestants.
Despite several reported pregnancies, Mary's marriage to Philip of Spain produced no children. So on her death, her sister the Protestant Princess Elizabeth succeeded her to the throne. In this novel I looked at her long years of imprisonment and the extraordinary triangle that developed between her, her gaoler the Earl of Shrewsbury and his wonderful wife Bess of Hardwick.
The dynamic between these three makes this novel not just a historical novel about the times but a psychological study of three people trapped together. Elizabeth I has been Queen of England for ten years. She is still unmarried, despite considering several suitors and having conducted a love affair with the married Robert Dudley Earl of Leicester — whose wife had then died under suspicious circumstances.
With no heir, Elizabeth refused to name a successor — leading to the dissolution of parliament and putting England in a potentially dangerous position. One possible successor to Elizabeth was her first cousin once removed — the Catholic Mary Queen of Scots, whom many English Catholics believed to be the true English heir to the throne.
However Mary is under imprisonment in Loch Leven Castle after marrying her third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell — the man widely believed to have earlier murdered Mary's second husband Lord Darnley — and she appeals to her cousin Elizabeth for support. While I was puzzling about who would be the subject of a fictional biography I was given a book on plant collectors and gardeners and read of John Tradescant.
It happened that I visited a garden centre, and tripped and literally fell into a tray of Tradescantia. It was enough of a hint! I started research on John Tradescant and found enough material for two books, and developed an entirely new style of writing: the fictionalised biography.
In , at the age of 69, Queen Elizabeth died and was succeeded by her cousin King James VI of Scotland — finally uniting the crowns of Scotland and England and beginning the Stuart reign of England. I was honoured with an invitation into a private home and had a long talk about the history of the people. This book is divided between the two terrible conflicts: colonists against indigenous peoples in America, and royalists against roundheads in England. I met the great historian of the period Christopher Hill and asked him did he think it possible that a man like John Tradescant might leave England to escape the conflict and he laughed and said that any sensible man would leave England in the middle of a civil war - so I felt very justified in my development of John's character and the two locations of this novel of a man divided between two loves.
Charles I is on the throne. He has dissolved parliament for the third time and resolved to rule alone. In order to manage the debts generated during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I and fund his overseas wars with Spain and France, Charles repeatedly invented new and re-established obsolete forms of taxation. This during a time when harvests were failing caused widespread poverty and social unrest. Charles had become increasingly unpopular with the English people — his friendship with the assassinated George Villiers Duke of Buckingham had alienated the noble families whilst his failure to successfully support Protestant forces during the Thirty Years' War and marriage to a Roman Catholic French Princess caused suspicion and mistrust amongst his people.
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As the country descended into civil war, many chose to emigrate to the recently settled American colonies in search of freedom — despite Charles's attempts to stem the flow. It was very liberating to get away from the royal family and royal palaces and into daily life of aspiring people, hoping to rise from poverty into the New England of political freedoms and opportunities.
Tidelands is set in the English Civil War and includes one of the many failed attempts to rescue Charles I before his trial. This was the first time when the people of England united to control the power of the English king and is a turning point for the men, and especially the women of England. If the king — the father of the nation — could be challenged, then daughters and wives could speak for themselves. Many generals have aspired to the presidency, itself, and most of them found that the electorate is not impressed simply by high rank or military fame.
The presidential campaigns of Gens. Presidents who have been generals had no notion of commanding forces in the field since George Washington and the Whiskey Rebellion. Commanders and civilian military authorities have different charges: the soldier is dedicated to winning wars, and the civilian is dedicated to good governance and stewardship.
Will these ex-flag officers turned policymakers be force providers, or force directors? We assume that senior US military leaders will refuse to carry out unlawful orders. Trump has already waffled on his support of torture and wants to grow the extra-legal prison at Guantanamo. US government operatives and officials, however, have already employed torture during the Bellum Americana and more such people can be found to replace anyone reluctant to obey a presidential order. Retired Air Force Gen. And yet, it will take courage to gainsay an administration that insists on loyalty and remembers grudges.
Will serving military leaders be more effective under looser standards for their public or private behavior? Military leaders must have the courage to speak truth to power and insist on access to the decision-maker. There is no American military tradition of resigning in protest of orders. If ethical circumstances turn dark a general can always rationalize acquiescent participation with the self-delusion that he can eventually beat the devil only while being one of his imps. Billy Mitchell broke ranks, accused senior service leadership of incompetence , and was court-martialed, but other officers have waited to sound off until they had safely retired from the arena.
They must accept the risk of audacity. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the US government. Definition of success and failure needs to be rethink.
Short term success is simple: you try something new, it works. Long term success is not as simple: If one tries something different to reach a goal, fails, but go deep into understanding why it failed and finally then disseminate what was learnt then the organization as a whole wins. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
The articles and other content which appear on the Modern War Institute website are unofficial expressions of opinion. The views expressed are those of the authors, and do not reflect the official position of the United States Military Academy, Department of the Army, or Department of Defense. The Modern War Institute does not screen articles to fit a particular editorial agenda, nor endorse or advocate material that is published. Rather, the Modern War Institute provides a forum for professionals to share opinions and cultivate ideas. Comments will be moderated before posting to ensure logical, professional, and courteous application to article content.
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After retirement, he was a senior mentor to the Afghan Ministry of Defense. He has an MA in history from the University of Illinois. Ed dos Santos on March 21, at am. Leave a reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Search Search for:. Follow Us Facebook Youtube Twitter 18, followers.
When the drink is shookened, pour into the glass. Lick the rim oh yeah and then kick the drink back. Congratulations, you've been eliminated in the first round. I mean, you competed well. When I read Klondaeg the Monster Hunter , I was always jealous of Klondaeg's beard, all bright orange and full of miscellaneous crumbs. One package of instant ramen noodles One cup of boiling water One handful of Goldfish Crackers One zip-lock bag One rolling pin One martini glass Oh, right, alcohol While they warm up, put the Goldfish crackers in a plastic bag and mash them up with a rolling pin.
By now your noodles should be ready, so strain them and put them in the martini glass. Add the Goldfish crumbs and vodka, then stir. Enjoy eati--I mean drinking your delicious cocktail! Okay, so everyone is making such a big foo-faw over a book-reviewing owl and her amazing drinks and reviews and all that and I thought, you know, I can do alcohol stuff too. So I'm going to. Because I've been forced to read every book or novella written by all five current members of the Guild, I know what drinks pair the best with the reading experiences provided by the books. Yeah, that sounds professional.
Leave that in. So, in the book, there's a scene where a stupid character named Ace Wifflacor I hate AC's naming system is getting drunk on a transport plane and runs out of mixers, so he has to make a substitution, which ends in predictable results. Namely, he blacks out and wakes up in the middle of a firefight in the city of Prague right before a nuclear bomb drops.
No, it doesn't make sense in context either.
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