Humiliated in his own country, he consciously strove, after settling in New York City, to forge an international reputation that would force his countrymen to recognize his value as an artist. He gradually became known in American art circles and was commissioned in to paint a major mural in the refectory of Pomona College in Claremont , Calif.
In choosing to do a mural of Prometheus , Orozco temporarily abandoned social criticism and historical subjects in favour of a more universal theme: the self-sacrificing Titan from ancient Greek mythology who brings man fire. Orozco also turned away from the relative stylistic repose of his earlier murals.
Although he was impressed with the paintings of Pablo Picasso , his even deeper admiration of the Byzantine mosaics of Rome and Ravenna is reflected in his great series of murals —34 in the Baker Library at Dartmouth College in Hanover , N. Orozco created two series of murals there that correlated to two main scenes, The Coming of Quetzalcoatl and The Return of Quetzalcoatl. This dichotomy contrasted the stages of human progression from a primeval, non-Christian paradise to a Christian, capitalist hell.
Byzantine mosaics also clearly influenced the pictorial style of Modern Migration of the Spirit , but such scenes as Gods of the Modern World and the Quetzalcoatl murals achieve unique levels, respectively, of grotesqueness and of sweeping force. With a mature body of work and a firmly established reputation, in Orozco returned triumphantly to Mexico, where he painted the mural Catharsis for the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City In these murals Orozco recapitulated the historical themes he had developed at Dartmouth and in Catharsis but with an intensity of anguish and despair he never again attempted.
Protecting a Painter’s Tattered Legacy
He portrayed history blindly careening toward Armageddon. The only hope for salvation in these works is the self-sacrificing creative man who Orozco depicted in Man of Fire , the circular painting in the hospice dome.
Canvases such as Metaphysical Landscape , however, hint at a growing mysticism, and its abstract style suggests that Orozco may have been on the brink of nonfigurative painting when he died. Orozco became a national hero in his later years, honoured as the leader among those who raised Mexican art to a position of international eminence. He published his autobiography in Eng. In the president of Mexico awarded him the Federal Quinquennial Prize, which recognized him as the outstanding Mexican figure in the arts and sciences of the preceding five years.
Life and Work of Jose Clemente Orozco
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Early life and training Orozco first became interested in art in , when his family moved to Mexico City. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. His animated plaster-of-paris skeleton characters are both satirical and lifelike. Other notable artists….
Life and Work of Artist Painter Jose Clemente Orozco
Latin American art: Populist art and the Mexican mural renaissance. Orozco, the second major figure of the Mexican mural renaissance, also used an Italianate allegory, of a blonde madonna, in his first work at the National Preparatory School. Fresco painting , method of painting water-based pigments on freshly applied plaster, usually on wall surfaces. The colours, which are made by grinding dry-powder pigments in pure water, dry and set with the plaster to become a permanent part of the wall. Fresco painting is ideal for making murals because it….
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By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Jose Clemente Orozco Artworks. Zapatista's Marching Jose Clemente Orozco Man of Fire Jose Clemente Orozco Father Hidalgo Jose Clemente Orozco La Conquete Jose Clemente Orozco? The great mexican revolutionary law and the freedom of slaves Jose Clemente Orozco Advance Jose Clemente Orozco Wheel Jose Clemente Orozco Self-portrait Jose Clemente Orozco Catharsis Jose Clemente Orozco Winter Jose Clemente Orozco Zapata Jose Clemente Orozco Prometheus Jose Clemente Orozco The Subway Jose Clemente Orozco Related Artists.
Giotto c. Michelangelo - El Greco - Francisco Goya - Roberto Montenegro - Diego Rivera - Saturnino Herran - Peter Laszlo Peri - Carlos Merida -
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